Show Biz Glossary – letter – M
A term used by Alfred Hitchcock to refer to an item, event, or piece of knowledge that the characters in a film consider extremely important, but which the audience either doesn’t know of or doesn’t care about. Examples: the engine plans in The 39 Steps, the identity of the spy in North by Northwest, and the contents of the briefcase in Pulp Fiction.
A person responsible for general maintenance and repair.
The major Hollywood movie producer/distributor studios (MGM/UA, 20th Century Fox, Sony Pictures, Warner Bros, Paramount Pictures, Universal, and Disney).
AKA: Make up, Make-up, Makeup Artist, Makeup Supervisor
The decorations placed directly on the skin or hair of an actor for cosmetic or artistic effect. Practitioners are called artists or supervisors. See alsobody makeup, special makeup effects, prosthetic appliances.
AKA: Martial Arts, Chop-Socky, Chopsocky
A film which features hand to hand combat, usually using various Asian combat systems like Karate and the Chinese fighting styles popularly known in the west as Kung Fu. “Chop-socky” is a slang and scornful term for martial-arts movies.
On the web: List of Martial Arts titles at the IMDb.
A style of acting formalized by Konstantin Stanislavsky which is believed by some to create more realistic performances. Essentially, the theory requiresactors to draw experiences from their own personal lives that correlate to the character they are playing – an extremely demanding process emotionally. In some cases, “method” actors take the theory even further by arranging events in their private lives to resemble the lives of their characters. See the trivia entries for Down and Out in Beverly Hills and One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest for examples, and the trivia entry for Marathon Man for an amusing anecdote.
AKA: Mike, Mic
A device which converts sound into electrical impulses, usually for recording or amplification.
Literally translated as “what’s put into the scene”, this is the sum total of all factors affecting the artistic “look” or “feel” of a shot or scene. These can include shot selection, shot composition, production design and set decoration, as well as technical camera properties such as shutter speed,aperture, frame rate, and depth of field. Mise-en-scene is often contrasted with montage, where the artistic “look” of a scene is constructed through visual editing.
AKA: Mit Out Sound
A take that is filmed without recording sound at the same time. MOS stands for “mit out sound”–it is purported that director Erich Von Stroheim couldn’t pronounce “without sound” correctly due to his accent.
AKA: Strobing, Nyquist Limit
The visual interference patterns between a shot’s frame rate and a filmed object’s periodic motion or change. If a shot is filmed with a frame rate R, any images of periodic events of a frequency greater than R/2 (the “Nyquist Limit”) will be misrepresented on film. A commonly-occuring example of this artifact is the illusion of spoked wheels appearing to turn in the wrong direction or at the wrong rate. Incorrect frame rates and synchronization can also cause strobing during shots of projected movies or of television screens. See also artifact, judder.
Shots of objects that quickly move in the camera‘s frame, and/or shots with a slow shutter speed are likely to produce a “smearing” effect, since the object is in a range of positions during a single exposure.
AKA: Movie, Film, Flick, Picture
AKA: Motion Picture Export Association of America, MPA, MPEAA
The Motion Picture Association of America and its international counterpart, the Motion Picture Association serve as the voice and advocate of the American motion picture, home video and television industries, domestically through the MPAA and internationally through the MPA. Before 1994, the MPA was known as the Motion Picture Export Association of America.
The Motion Picture Association of America and its international counterpart, the Motion Picture Association serve as the voice and advocate of the American motion picture, home video and television industries, domestically through the MPAA and internationally through the MPA. Through the Classifications and Ratings Administration (CARA), the MPAA issuescertificates.
On the web: Official Home Page
On the web: Official Home Page
Someone who adapts a musical composition for voices, instruments, and/or performance styles other than those for which the music was originally written.
AKA: Musical Director, Musical Direction, Music Director, Music Direction
A person who coordinates the work of the composer, the editor, and sound mixers. Alternately, a person who researches, obtains rights to, and supplies songs for a production.
A movie whose dramatic story structure includes unrealistic episodes of musical perfomance and/or dancing.
On the web: List of musicals at the IMDb.