Show Biz Glossary – letter – F
AKA: Fade To Black, Fade In, Fade Out
A smooth, gradual transition from a normal image to complete blackness (fade out), or vice versa (fade in).
Anyone appearing on screen whose face is not seen (either because of heavy makeup or camera angles) and who has no lines; can include stand-ins and extras. The term originated with Sam Raimi and his colleagues, who borrowed it from Hollywood lore about a stand-in used to finish Three Stooges films after
AKA: Skip Frame
A shot in which time appears to move more quickly than normal. The process is commonly achieved by either deleting select frames (called “skip frames”) or by undercranking. See also motion artifact, freeze frame,frame rate, judder.
A movie at least 40-45 minutes (2 reels) long intended for theatrical release. Contrast with short subject.
Literally: “Deadly Lady”; a slang term used to describe a character in a movie.
An event at which films can often premiere. Festivals can be used as bystudios to show their wares and sell rights to distributors, or to officially mark a movie’s release so as to make it eligible for award ceremonies with hard deadlines that can’t be met if they waited for a general release. Some festivals are competitive, giving awards from a jury or selected by the audiences.
AKA: Grain, Graininess, Grainy
The tiny particles of light-sensitive material on film stock that record images. Finer grains give higher image quality, but coarser grains allow a faster shutter speed. Graininess is an artifact which results from the use of coarse grains, and gives images a slight mosaic appearance.
Literally: “Black Film”; describes a genre of film which typically features dark, brooding characters, corruption, detectives, and the seedy side of the big city.
On the web: List of Film Noir at the IMDb.
The physical medium on which photographic images are recorded. See also film grain.
See focus puller.
AKA: Foam Runner
A person responsible for creating foam latex prosthetic appliances from a sculpture created by a makeup artist.
The sharpness of an image, or the adjustments made on a camera necessary to achieve this. See also focus puller.
A group of approximately ten to twelve members of the public unrelated to a movie’s production who attend a sneak preview. A single focus group is usually composed of a selection of people within the boundaries of a movie’s intended audience. The group is extensively questioned by the filmmakers following the screening, and their opinions are incorporated into any further editing that may occur before the premiere.
Fictional Movie(s): Living in Oblivion (1995)
The art of recreating incidental sound effects (such as footsteps) in synchronization with the visual component of a movie. Named after an early practitioner. Foley artists sometimes use bizarre objects and methods to achieve sound effects, e.g. snapping celery to mimic bones being broken. The sounds are often exaggerated for extra effect – fight sequences are almost always accompanied by loud foley added thuds and slaps.
Edits the sounds created by a foley artist.
An individual picture image which eventually appears on a print.
AKA: Frames Per Second, FPS
Movies are created by taking a rapid sequence of pictures (frames) of action. By displaying these frames at the same rate at which they were recorded, the illusion of motion can be created. “Frame Rate” is the number of frames captured or projected per second. The human optical system is only capable of capturing about images 60 per minute; hence to give a realistic illusion of motion a frame rate greater than this is required. Most modern motion pictures are filmed and displayed at 24 fps. Earlier films used lower frame rates, and hence when played back on modern equipment, fast motion occurs due to undercranking. See also: slow motion, fast motion, undercranking, overcranking, judder, motion artifact.
Fullscreen is a term used to describe the shape of the picture a movie is displayed in order for it to fill a regular (as of 1998) TV screen. At the time of writing, most TVs are squarer than the newer widescreen TVs on the market. With these older sets, for every 4 inches/cm of horizontal screen size there are 3 inches/cm of vertical size, hence a 4:3 aspect ratio.Widescreen TVs have 5 and 1/3 inches/cm horizontal size for each 3 of vertical. Rather than write that as 5.333:3, we use 16:9. So fullscreen=4:3, widescreen=16:9. When a movie is played in fullscreen format for a 4:3 TV, the movie is almost always adjusted to fit. You may be familiar with the phrase “this movie has been modified from its original version. It has been formatted to fit your TV.” What that almost always means is that much of the original picture has been thrown away, i.e. the pan and scan procedure has been used to pick the most appropriate pieces of the picture to keep because the old TV screen is the wrong shape to show the whole picture. In terms of home cinema, fullscreen is inferiror to widescreen and is often considered to be an unacceptable format. The 4:3 shape TV is expected to become obsolete over the next decade as TV moves to digital and HDTV formats, which are widescreen based. DVDs often offer both fullscreen and widescreen formats, however many are already only available in widescreen and anamorphic format, so as to cater for the growing audience of home cinema enthusiasts who have already abandoned fullscreen.
AKA: FIPRESCI, International Federation of Film Critics, Internationaler Verband der Filmkritiker, Federaci—n Internacional de la Prensa Cinematogr‡fica
On the web: Official Home Page
AKA: FIAPF, International Federation of Film Producers Association, Internationaler Verband der Filmproduzenten, Federazione internazionale associazioni produttori di film
AKA: FICC, International Federation of Film Societies
On the web: Offical Home Page