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Friday 20th of July 2018

On This Day In History

  • On July 20...
    201st day of year with 164 days left (Numerology = 9)

    Happy Birthday to:
    In 1304, Francesco Petrarch, Italy, poet (Italia Mia)
    In 1513, Gaspar Schetz, Dutch treasurer-general
    In 1519, Innocent IX, [Giovanni A Facchinetti], 230th Catholic pope (1591)
    In 1600, Simon Ives, composer
    In 1663, Pierre Drevet, French engraver
    In 1709, James Harris, philosopher
    In 1720, Ignaz Vitzthumb, composer
    In 1726, William Jones, composer
    In 1744, Henri Hamal, composer
    In 1761, Joseph Lefebvre, composer
    In 1762, Jakob Haibel, composer
    In 1766, Thomas Bruce, earl of Elgin & Kincardine, British diplomat
    In 1779, Ignaz Schuster, composer
    In 1785, Mahmud II, sultan of Turkey (1808-39)/Westernizer/reformer
    In 1793, Aleksander Fredro, Polish comedy writer (Pan Jowiolski)
    In 1796, Edward Hodges, composer
    In 1803, Jakob Zeugheer, composer
    In 1803, Thomas Lovell Beddoes, English poet
    In 1804, Richard Owen, British zoologist
    In 1806, John Sterling, writer (Representative Victorian)
    In 1811, James Bruce, earl of Elgin & Kincardine, governor (Jamaica)
    In 1814, Ivan S Gagarin, Russian theologist
    In 1816, William Bowman, English anatomist
    In 1819, Paul Henrion, composer
    In 1824, Alexander Schimmelfennig, Prussia, Brig General (Union volunteers)
    In 1836, Thomas C Allbutt, English physiologist (Diseases of the Heart)
    In 1837, Hans Sommer, composer
    In 1847, Max Liebermann, German impressionist painter
    In 1852, Theodorus Heemskerk Jzn, lawyer/Dutch premier (AR, 1908-13) [or 1/20]=
    In 1853, Geo[rge] Poggenbeek, Dutch water colors painter
    In 1860, Johannes Walter, German geologist (Denudation of the Wilderness)
    In 1864, Erik Karlfeldt, Sweden, poet (Nobel 1918-refused; 1931-posthumous)
    In 1870, Vladimir D Nabokov, Russian jurist/minister of Justice (1918-19)
    In 1872, Alick Maclean, composer
    In 1872, Deodat de Severac, composer
    In 1873, Witold Maliszewski, composer
    In 1880, Hermann earl Keyserling, German philosopher/writer
    In 1881, Leon de Smet, Flemish painter
    In 1885, Gustave Charlier, Belgian literature historian/critic
    In 1887, Willem H Drucker, Dutch lawyer
    In 1889, John Charles Reith, 1st Baron Reith, 1st dir-gen BBC (1927-38)
    In 1890, Theda Bara, [Theodosia Goodman], Cincinnati, actress (Love Goddeses)
    In 1890, Verna Felton, Salinas Calif, actress (Hilda-December Bride)
    In 1893, Alexander, king of Greece (1917-20)
    In 1893, Richard Billinger, Austria poet/writer (From Where I Came)
    In 1897, Tadeusz Reichstein, Swiss chemist (Nobel 1950)
    In 19--, Chris Cornell, Wash, rock drummer (Soundgarden-Badmotorfinger)
    In 19--, Chuck Daly, NBA player/coach (Pistons, Nets, Magic)
    In 19--, Elizabeth Bennett, Yorkshire England, actress (Enid-You Again?)
    In 19--, Rodney Eastman, actor (Beverly Hills Bodysnatchers)
    In 1900, Gottfried von Haberler, Austrian economist
    In 1900, Maurice Gilliams, Flemish writer/poet/essayist (Maria's Life)
    In 1900, Maurice Leyland, prolific cricket left-handed batsman (England)
    In 1901, Vehbi Koc, indistrialist/philanthropist
    In 1902, Cesare Zavattini, Italian screenwriter (Bicycle Thiefs)
    In 1902, Dilys Powell, English writer (Descent from Parnassus)
    In 1903, Jef van de Wiele, Belgian politician
    In 1905, Molly Mary Nesta Keane, writer
    In 1908, Gunnar de Frumerie, composer
    In 1909, Eric Rowan, S African cricketer (prolific batsman pre- & post-WWII)
    In 1910, Cicely Veronica Wedgwood, British historian (William the Silent)
    In 1911, Baqa Jilani, Indian cricket fast bowler (Test 1936)
    In 1911, William Dillard, trumpeter/singer
    In 1912, Andrew Long, Scottish author (Blue Book of Fairy Tales)
    In 1912, Frederick Ferrari, crazy Gang Member
    In 1912, John Dacie, hematologist
    In 1912, Thijmen Kuijt, resistance fighter/co-found newspaper (The Typhoon)
    In 1913, Lucien Goldmann, Romania/Fren sociologist/philosopher (Le dieu cach‚)
    In 1914, William John Phillips, actor (Nothing but a Man)
    In 1919, Edmund Hillary, NZ, one of 1st 2 men to scale Mt Everest
    In 1920, Elliot L Richardson, Attorney General (1973)/Sec of Defense (1973)
    In 1920, Jack Harman, British general
    In 1920, Jeffrey Petersen, British diplomat
    In 1920, Lev Aronin, USSR, International Chess Grandmaster (1950)
    In 1921, Frederick Schroeder Jr, tennis champ (US Open-1942)
    In 1922, Miroslav "Standa" Bares, Czech/Dutch actor/director (Billy Budd)
    In 1924, Hans Lodeizen, [Johannes A Frederik], Dutch poet (Inner Self)
    In 1924, Lola Albright, Akron Ohio, actress (Delta Country, Kid Galahad)
    In 1924, Thomas Berger, US, novelist (Vital Parts, Little Big Man)
    In 1925, Jacques Delors, French economist/chairman European Committee (1985-95)
    In 1927, Anthony Cavendish, British MI 6 agent/banker
    In 1927, Michael Gielen, Austrian conductor/composer
    In 1928, Jan Meyers, (Rep-R-Kansas, 1985- )
    In 1928, Pavel Kohout, writer
    In 1928, Peter Ind, jazz musician
    In 1930, Arthur U Spronken, sculptor
    In 1930, Sally Ann Howes, London England, actress (Dead of Night)
    In 1930, Yuri Petrovich Artyukin, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 14)
    In 1932, Nam June Paik, Seoul Korea, video artist (Medium is the Medium)
    In 1933, Aliki Vouyouklaki, actress (Madalena)
    In 1933, Jose Vicente Asuar, composer
    In 1933, Nelson Doubleday, publisher (Doubleday)/owner (NY Mets)
    In 1934, Doug Padgett, cricketer (England batsman twice in 1960)
    In 1934, Ralph C RInzler, folklorist (Greenbriar Boys)
    In 1934, Uwe Johnson, writer
    In 1935, Lord Peter Palumbo, English real estate developer/multi-millionaire
    In 1935, Ted Rogers, Kennington London, comedian (Aladdin, Cinderella)
    In 1936, Barbara A Mikulski, (Rep-D-MD, 1977-86/Sen-D-MD, 1986- )
    In 1936, Butch Baird, Chicago IL, PGA golfer (1961 Waco Turner Open)
    In 1936, Kaleria Fadicheva, ballerina
    In 1938, Diana Rigg, Doncaster England, actress (Emma Peel-Avengers, Hospital)
    In 1938, Jo Ann Campbell, Jacksonville Fla, Lawrence Welk's champagne lady
    In 1938, Lord McGowan
    In 1938, Natalie Wood, [Natasha Gurdin], SF, (Gypsy, Rebel Without a Cause)
    In 1939, Judy Chicago, [Cohen], Chicago, artist (Dinner Party)
    In 1940, Tony Oliva, ball player, batting champ (AL Rookie of Year 1964)
    In 1941, Vladimir Afanasiyevich Lyakhov, cosmonaut (Soyuz 32/34, T-9, TM-6)
    In 1942, T G Sheppard, [William Browder], Humbolt Tn, singer (Devil in Bottle)
    In 1943, Chris Amon, Grand Prix racer
    In 1943, John Lodge, Birmingham, bassist (Moody Blues-Nights in White Satin)
    In 1944, Wim Van Drimmelen, Dutch sect Science Council of Government policy
    In 1945, Betty Burfeindt, LPGA golfer
    In 1945, John Lodge, rocker
    In 1945, Larry E Craig, (Rep-R-Idaho, 1981- )
    In 1945, Viscount Petersham, English large landowner
    In 1946, Kim Carnes, Pasadena Ca, rock vocalist (Bette Davis Eyes)
    In 1947, Carlos Santana, Mexico, rock guitarist (Santana-Black Magic Woman)
    In 1947, Gerd Binnig, Frankfurt, physicist (tunneling microscope-Nobel 1986)
    In 1947, James Harris, Monroe La, NFL quarterback (Buffalo, LA, San Diego)
    In 1948, Mary Dwyer, LPGA golfer
    In 1948, Richard H Lehman, (Rep-D-CA, 1983- )
    In 1951, Larry Black, Miami Fla, 4x100 runner (Olympic-gold-1972)
    In 1954, Jay Jay French, NYC, guitarist (Twisted Sister-Not Gonna Take It)
    In 1955, Michael Anthony, rocker (Van Halen)
    In 1956, Charlie Magri, world champ flyweight boxer (1983)
    In 1956, Mima Jausovec, Yugoslavia, tennis player (French Open-1977)
    In 1956, Paul Cook, London, rock drummer (Sex Pistols)
    In 1957, Donna Dixon, Va, Mrs Dan Ackwoyd/actress (Couch Trip, Bossom Buddies)
    In 1957, Larry Rinker, Stuart FL, Nike golfer (1985 Bing Crosby Pro-Am-2nd)
    In 1957, Merlina Defranco, rocker (Defranco Family)
    In 1958, Michael McNeill, synthesizer (Simple Minds-Don't You Forget About Me)
    In 1958, Mike McNeil, rocker
    In 1959, Radney Foster, Del Rio Tx, singer (Foster & Lloyd-Crazy Over You)
    In 1960, Katie Rabbet, London England, Prince Andrew's former girlfriend
    In 1960, Lauren Gregg, Rochester Minn, US women's soccer coach (Olympics-96)
    In 1963, Jenny Spangler, Monroe Wisc, marathoner (Olympics-96)
    In 1963, Paula Ivan, Romanian runner (world record mile)
    In 1964, Murray Craven, Medicine Hat, NHL left wing (Chicago Blackhawks)
    In 1965, Stone Gossard, musician with Pearl Jam
    In 1966, Beth Coats, Albuquerque NM, biathelete (Olympics-1994)
    In 1966, Carlo L'Ami, soccer player (SC Heerenveen)
    In 1966, Mike Pero, Picton Ont, Canadian Tour golfer (1990 CPGA Winter)
    In 1966, Tracey Mcfarlane, US breaststroke swimmer (US record 100m)
    In 1967, Akihito Sugisawa, hockey forward (Team Japan 1998)
    In 1967, Ian Beckles, NFL guard (Tampa Bay Bucs)
    In 1967, Jon Normile, Cleve Oh, fencer (Olympics-96)
    In 1968, Chris Kennedy, actor (Bill & Ted's Excellent Adventure)
    In 1968, Chris Tsangaris, CFL linebacker (BC Lions)
    In 1968, Robert Rodriguez, director (El Mariachi, Desperado)
    In 1970, ?, 1st baby born on Alcatraz Island
    In 1970, Dean Wells, NFL linebacker (Seattle Seahawks)
    In 1970, Shannon Baker, CFL receiver (Saskatchewan Roughriders)
    In 1970, Tom Sherrer, Syracuse NY, Nike golfer (1994 NIKE Cleveland Open-2nd)
    In 1971, Bernard Whittington, NFL defensive end (Indianapolis Colts)
    In 1971, Charles Johnson, Fort Pierce Fla, catcher (US Olympics 1992, Marlins)
    In 1971, Ed Giddins, cricketer (promising Sussex pace bowler, England A 1995)
    In 1971, Ron Stone, NFLer (Dallas Cowboys)
    In 1971, Tom Tovo, WLAF defensive tackle (London Monarchs)
    In 1971, William Deering Jr, South Bend Indiana, pole vaulter
    In 1972, Jay Barker, NFL quarterback (NE Patriots)
    In 1972, Jozef Stumpel, NHL forward (Team Kazakhstan 1998, LA Kings)
    In 1973, Peter Forsberg, Ornskoldsvik Swe, NHL center (Colorado Avalanche)
    In 1974, Kevin Meadows, gay rights activist
    In 1975, Ray Allen, NBA guard (Milwaukee Bucks)
    In 1977, Julia Syriani, Miss Universe-Lebanon (1996)
    In 1977, Shany Kedmy, Israel, Women's 470 yachter (Oly-14th-1996)
    In 1978, Charlie Korsmo, actor (Dick Tracy, What About Bob)
    In 1978, Denny Mendez, Miss Italy Universe (1997)
    In 1978, Jen Grubb, Elk Hart Indiana, soccer defender (Olympics-96)
    In 1991, Scout Larue Willis, daughter of Bruce Willis & Demi Moore

    Sorry to see these people go:
    In , Ansegis/Ansegius, French abbot of Fontenelle/author, dies at about 63
    In 1031, Robert II de Vrome, King of France (996-1031), dies
    In 1201, Agnes of France, queen of France, dies [or 7/18]
    In 1322, Frederik II van Sierck, bishop of Utrecht (1317-22), dies
    In 1454, Johan II, King of Castili‰, dies at 49
    In 1573, Lancelot of Brederode, water beggar, beheaded
    In 1597, Franciscus Raphelengius [French of Ravelingen], Neth publisher, dies
    In 1607, Paulus Merula, Dutch lawyer/historian (Historia Belgica), dies at 48
    In 1609, Federico Zuccari, Italian Mannerist painter, dies at about 69
    In 1613, Heinrich Julius, [von Braunschweig-Wolfenb*ttel], duke, dies
    In 1636, John Oldham, trader in Mass, murdered by indians
    In 1732, Francesco Bartolomeo Conti, composer, dies at 51
    In 1752, John C Pepusch, English composer (Beggar's Opera), dies at about 85
    In 1762, Christoph Nichelsmann, German klavecinist/composer, dies
    In 1766, Isabelle Farnese, queen of Spain, dies
    In 1808, Fran‡ois-Hippolyte Barthelemon, composer, dies at 66
    In 1819, John Playfair, Scottish geologist/mathematician, dies
    In 1824, Joan M Kemper, lawyer (layed-out Civil Code), dies
    In 1825, Joseph-Denis Doche, composer, dies at 58
    In 1859, Hans E Schack, Danish politician/writer (Fantasy), dies
    In 1866, Faa di Bruno, Italian captain (Er d'italia, Lissa), commits suicide
    In 1866, G F Berhard Riemann, German mathematician (zeta-function), dies
    In 1868, Antoine Prumier, composer, dies at 75
    In 1868, Jan Bedrich Kittl, composer, dies at 62
    In 1881, Thomas Fermor-Hesketh, English 1st baron of Hesketh, dies
    In 1888, Henri Braekeleer, Flemish painter, dies
    In 1893, Tom Kelly, cricketer (two Tests for Australia 1977-79, 64 runs), dies
    In 1898, Yuri Arnold, composer, dies at 86
    In 1903, Leo XIII, [Vincenzo G Pecci], Pope (1878-1903), dies at 93
    In 1908, Federico Chueca, composer, dies at 62
    In 1914, Leo van Gheluwe, composer, dies at 76
    In 1923, Pancho Villa, [Doroteo Arango], Mexican rebel, murdered at 55
    In 1927, Ferdinand I VAM, King of Romania, dies at 61
    In 1936, Arthur Battelle Whiting, composer, dies at 75
    In 1936, Jos‚ Sanjurjo y Sacanell, Spanish general/high director, dies
    In 1937, Guglielmo Marconi, Ital engineer/marquis (radio, Nobel 1909), dies
    In 1939, Joseph Mendes da Costa, sculptor, dies
    In 1940, Y G Van de Peat, Dutch director of employment, commits suicide
    In 1942, Patric Cobb, British sea officer, dies in battle
    In 1944, Arthur J Treadwell, English mayor of Stoke Newington, dies at about 71
    In 1944, Brandt, col/German staff chief, dies in bombing
    In 1944, Claus Schenk von Stauffenberg, count/German antifascist colonel, dies
    In 1944, Friedrich Olbricht, German general (July 20th plotter), executed
    In 1944, Heinz Burns, German (Olympic-gold-1936), dies in bombing
    In 1944, Korten, chef gen of Germany Luftwaffe, dies in bomb explosion
    In 1944, Ludwig Beck, gen/chief Germany general staff (July 20th plot), dies
    In 1944, Mertz, German colonel (July 20th plotter), executed
    In 1944, Pierre Vi‚not, French ambassador to London/writer, dies
    In 1944, Rudolf Schmundt, gen/Hitler's Army adjunct, dies from wounds
    In 1944, Werner von Haeffen, German lieutenant (July 20th plotter), executed
    In 1945, Arthur Seccull, S Africa cricketer (Test v England 1896), dies
    In 1945, Paul Val‚ry, French poet (Le cimetiSre Marin, Mon Faust), dies at 73
    In 1951, Abdullah Ibn Hussein, Jordan's King (1946-51), killed in Jerusalem
    In 1951, Mustafa Shuqri Ashu, tailor/murderer of king Abdullah, shot to death
    In 1954, Blair Moody, (Sen-Mich), dies at 52
    In 1956, Ken Burn, cricketer (Tasmanian rep on 1890 Ashes tour, 2 Tests), dies
    In 1957, Phil Hanna, singer (Once Upon a Tune), dies at 46
    In 1958, Franklin Pangborn, dies at 69
    In 1959, Harry Fox II, dies at 77
    In 1962, Andr‚ Renard, Belgium worker's union leader (MSU), dies at 51
    In 1962, George MacAulay Trevelyan, English royal historian, dies at 86
    In 1966, Julien Carette, dies of burns at 68
    In 1968, Joseph Keilberth, German conductor (Bayreuther Festival), dies
    In 1969, Roy Hamilton, rocker, dies at 40
    In 1973, Bruce Lee, [Lee Yuen Kam], actor (Enter the Dragon), dies at 32
    In 1974, Allen Jenkins, actor (Fugitive from a Chain Gang), dies at 74
    In 1976, Tom Lowry, cricketer (early New Zealand Test captain), dies
    In 1977, Carter De Haven, actor (Courage, Great Dictator), dies at 90
    In 1977, F G J*nger, writer, dies
    In 1983, Frank Reynolds, news anchor (ABC Evening News), dies at 59
    In 1984, Gail Kubik, US composer (Gerald McBoing Boing), dies at 69
    In 1984, Jim [James] Fixx, jogger/writer (Jim Fixx on Running), dies at 52
    In 1986, Helen Craig, actress (Rich Man Poor Man), dies at 74
    In 1987, Richard Egan, actor (Big Cube, Amsterdam Kill), dies at 63
    In 1989, Marie-Madeleine Fourcade, commander (French resistance), dies
    In 1989, Mary Treen, actress (Career, Rock-a-bye Baby), dies at 71
    In 1990, Sara Heyblom, Dutch actress (Obsessions, Pygmalion), dies
    In 1991, Henri Marius Rellys, dies at 86
    In 1993, Donald Alexander, System director/producer (East Valley), dies at 79
    In 1994, Kim II Sung, pres of North-Korea (1948-94), buried
    In 1994, Paul Delvaux, Belgian surrealistisch painter, dies at 96
    In 1994, Reginald Hall, endocrinologist, dies at 83
    In 1995, Helmut Erich Robert Gernsheim, photographer/collector, dies at 82
    In 1995, Natalia Dmitrevna Shpiller, singer, dies at 85
    In 1996, Colin Campbell Mitchell, soldier, dies at 70
    In 1996, Peter Malcolm Gordon Raleigh, journalist, dies at 77
    In 1997, Linda Stirling, college prof/B movie actress (Pretender), dies at 75

    Events
    In , St Hormisdas elected as Pope succeeding Pope Sympowerus
    In 1031, Henry I succeeds father Robert II as King of France
    In 1495, French viceroy of Naples Montpensier surrenders
    In 1498, Emperor Maximilian names Albrecht governor of Netherlands
    In 1553, PM John Dudley captured in Cambridge
    In 1608, Reynier van Oldenbarnevelt marries Anna Weytzen in Delft
    In 1609, Emperor Rudolf II grants Silezische protestants freedom of religion
    In 1619, Gerardus Vossius resigns as Dutch regent States college leader
    In 1627, English fleet under George Villiers reaches La Rochelle [OS=June 10]
    In 1654, Anglo-Portuguese treaty, Portugal comes under English control
    In 1749, Earl of Chesterfield says "Idleness is only refuge of weak minds"
    In 1773, Scottish settlers arrive at Pictou, Nova Scotia (Canada)
    In 1801, Elisha Brown Jr pressed a 1,235 pound cheese ball at his farm
    In 1808, Napoleon decrees all French Jews adopt family names
    In 1810, Colombia declares independence from Spain
    In 1836, Charles Darwin climbs Green Hill on Ascension
    In 1847, German astronomer Theodor discovers Comet Brorsen-Metcalf
    In 1849, Start of 1st Lancashire-Yorkshire clash at Hyde Park, Sheffield
    In 1855, 1st train from Rotterdam to Utrecht in Netherlands
    In 1858, Fee 1st charged to see a baseball game (50›) (NY beats Bkln 22-18)
    In 1858, Gathering of PlombiSres - Napoleon III meets Cavour
    In 1861, Confederate state's congress began holding sessions in Richmond, Va
    In 1862, Guerrilla campaign in GA (Porter's & Poindexter's)
    In 1862, [->SEP 20] US580 CS2866
    In 1864, Battle at Stephenson's Depot Virginia: 200 killed or injured
    In 1864, Battle of Peachtree Creek-Atlanta Campaign
    In 1866, Sea battle of Lissa-Austria vs Italy
    In 1868, 1st use of tax stamps on cigarettes
    In 1871, British Columbia becomes 6th Canadian province
    In 1872, Mahlon Loomis patents wireless radio
    In 1876, 1st US intercollegiate track meet held, Saratoga, NY; Princeton wins
    In 1877, Military shoots on stopped railroad workers in Balt, kills 9
    In 1878, 1st telephone introduced in Hawaii
    In 1881, Sioux Indian Chief Sitting Bull, surrenders to federal troops
    In 1890, "Gibbons Stamp Monthly" begins publishing
    In 1890, Snow & hail in Calais, ME
    In 1894, 2000 fed troops recalled from Chicago, having ended Pullman strike
    In 1903, Giuseppe Sarto elected Pope Pius X
    In 1906, Bkln Dodger Mal Eason no-hits St Louis Cards, 2-0
    In 1910, Former Dutch premier Abraham Kuyper acquitted of corruption
    In 1911, Boston Red Sox Smokey Joe Wood no-hits St Louis Browns, 5-0
    In 1911, Expeditionary army in case of war with Germany
    In 1911, Generals Henry Wilson/Auguste Dubail sign plan for British
    In 1912, Phillies Sherry Magee steals home twice in 1 game
    In 1913, Turkish troop take Adrianopel & Erdine from Bulgaria
    In 1914, Armed resistance against British rule begins in Ulster
    In 1916, Giants trade Christy Mathewson to Cin Reds
    In 1917, Pact of Corfu signed: Serbs, Croats & Slovenes form Yugoslavia
    In 1917, WW I draft lottery held; #258 is 1st drawn
    In 1920, Heerenveen soccer team forms
    In 1922, Togo made a mandate of League of Nations
    In 1923, Yanks hit into a triple-play but beat A's 9-2
    In 1924, F‚deration Internationale des Echecs (FIDE) forms in Paris
    In 1925, Beirut sultan Pasja al-Atrasj calls Druzen for holy war against France
    In 1925, Italian-Serbian/Croatian/Slav treaty about Dalmati‰
    In 1927, Lindbergh begins NY flight (Spirit of St Louis)
    In 1930, 106øF (41øC), Washington, DC (district record)
    In 1933, Vatican state secretary Pacelli (Pius XII) signs accord with Hitler
    In 1934, 118øF (48øC), Keokuk, Iowa (state record)
    In 1935, 1st broadcast of "Gang Busters" on NBC-radio
    In 1938, Finland awarded 1940 Olympic games after Japan withdraws
    In 1940, Billboard publishes its 1st singles record chart (#1 is "I'll Never
    In 1940, Germany occupiers forbid Dutch Communist Party (CPN) in Netherlands
    In 1940, Nazi collaborator Rost of Tonningen appointed director of Marxist
    In 1940, Smile Again" by Tommy Dorsey)
    In 1941, Yanks beat Tigers 12-6 in 17
    In 1942, 1st detachment of Women's Army Auxiliary Corps, begin basic training
    In 1942, Barbados dismiss Trinidad for 16 in 69 minutes, Derek Sealy 8-8
    In 1942, Legion of Merit Medal authorized by congress
    In 1942, Time puts Russian composer Dmitri Shostakovitch on its cover
    In 1942, Women's Army Auxiliary Corps began basic training at Fort Des Moines
    In 1943, Joint Chiefs of Staff question adm Nimitz (landing Gilbert Island)
    In 1944, Brit/Canadian troops occupy Hill 67/Ifs/Bras/Frenouville, Normandy
    In 1944, British premier Winston Churchill flies to France to meet Montgomery
    In 1944, Browns Nelson Potter is 1st pitcher suspended for throwing spitballs
    In 1944, Canadian Cameroon Highlanders conquer St-Andr‚
    In 1944, Death March of 1,200 Jews from Lipcani Moldavia begins
    In 1944, Fieldmarshal von Kluge consults with German commandant at Caen
    In 1944, Flying Fortresses of US 8th Air Force attack Leipzig/Dessau
    In 1944, Gen Eisenhower visits Montgomery's headquarter in Normandy
    In 1944, Heavy storm hampers British offensive at Caen
    In 1944, Japanese aircraft carrier Hijo sinks by US air attack
    In 1944, July 20th Plot-Failed assassination attempt on Hitler
    In 1944, Liberators of US 8th Air Force attack Gotha Russelsheim/Eisenach
    In 1944, Pres FDR nominated for an unprecedented 4th term at Dem convention
    In 1944, US 15th Air Force attacks Friedrichshaven Memmingen
    In 1944, US 9th AF bombs railroad at Chaulnes Sabl‚-sur-Sarthe/Dreux
    In 1944, US invades Japanese-occupied Guam in WW II
    In 1944, Violent battles in VerriSres-hill (Normandy)
    In 1947, 1st political action of Neth Army on Java & Sumatra
    In 1948, Lou Thesz beats Bill Longson, to become NWA wrestling champ
    In 1948, Syngman Rhee elected president of South-Korea
    In 1948, US Communist Party chairman William Forster arrested
    In 1949, Israel's 19 month war of independence ends
    In 1949, Vasil Kolarov elected premier of Bulgaria
    In 1950, "Arthur Murray Party" premieres on ABC TV (later DuMont, CBS, NBC)
    In 1952, Emile Zatopek runs Olympic Record 10K (29:17.0)
    In 1952, Fausto Coppi wins Tour de France
    In 1953, USSR/Israel recover diplomatic relations
    In 1954, Armistice for Indo-China signed, Vietnam separates into North & South
    In 1954, Tennis champ Maureen Connolly's right leg is crushed in an accident
    In 1954, West German secret service head Otto John defects to German DR
    In 1956, France recognizes Tunisia's independence
    In 1956, Great Britain refuses to lend Egypt money to build Aswan Dam
    In 1956, US performs atmospheric nuclear Test at Bikini Island
    In 1956, Yankee pitcher Whitey Ford ties AL record of 6 straight strike-outs
    In 1958, 40th PGA Championship: Dow Finsterwald shoots a 276 at Llanerch CC PA
    In 1958, Betty Jameson/Mary Lena Faulk wins Homestead 4-Ball Golf Tournament
    In 1958, King Hussein of Jordan breaks off diplomatic relations with UAR
    In 1960, 1st submerged submarine to fire Polaris missile (George Washington)
    In 1960, Sirima Bandaranaike becomes 1st female premier of Ceylon
    In 1960, USSR recovered 2 dogs; 1st living organisms to return from space
    In 1962, Dmitri Shostakovitch completes his 13th Symphony
    In 1962, France & Tunisia recover diplomatic relations
    In 1963, 17 African states & Madagascar sign peace treaty with EC
    In 1963, 18th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Mary Mills
    In 1963, Verne Gagne beats Crusher Lisowski in Minneapolis, to become NWA champ
    In 1964, 1st surfin' record to go #1-Jan & Dean's "Surf City"
    In 1964, Dmitri Shostakovitch completes his 10th String quartet
    In 1965, 18.18" (46.18 cm) of rainfall, Edgarton, Missouri (state 24-hr record)
    In 1965, NY Yankee pitcher Mel Stottlemyre hits an inside-the-park grand slam
    In 1967, Pablo Neruda receives 1st Viareggio-Versile prizes
    In 1967, Race riots in Memphis Tenn
    In 1968, Iron Butterfly's "In-a-gadda-da-vida" becomes 1st heavy metal
    In 1968, Jane Asher breaks her engagement with Paul McCartney on live TV
    In 1968, song to hit charts, it comes in at #117
    In 1969, 1st men on Moon, Neil Armstrong & Edwin Aldrin, Apollo 11
    In 1969, Carol Mann wins LPGA Danbury Lady Carling Golf Open
    In 1969, Eddy Merckx wins Tour de France
    In 1970, Dodgers Bill Singer no-hits the Phillies 5-0, giving up no walks
    In 1972, US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
    In 1973, Chic's Wilbur Wood starts & loses both games of a doubleheader with
    In 1973, Jack Brisco beats Harley Race in Houston, to become NWA champ
    In 1973, NY Yankees, 12-2, & 7-0
    In 1974, Heng Yo & Heng Ju, completes 1,000 mile (SF-Seattle) pilgrimage
    In 1974, Turkey invades Cyprus
    In 1975, 30th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Sandra Palmer
    In 1976, Hank Aaron hits 755th & last home run off Angels Jerry Augustine
    In 1976, Last US troops leave Thailand
    In 1976, US Viking 1 lands on Mars at Chryse Planitia, 1st Martian landing
    In 1977, Flash flood hits Johnstown, Pa, kills 80 & causing $350 mil damage
    In 1979, 44-kg Newfoundland dog pulls 2293-kg load, Bothell, Wash
    In 1980, 109th British Golf Open: Tom Watson shoots a 271 at Muirfield Gullane
    In 1980, Joop Zoetemelk wins Tour de France
    In 1980, Pat Bradley wins LPGA Greater Baltimore Golf Classic
    In 1981, England set for innings loss v Aust, Botham hits 100 in 87 balls
    In 1981, Irene Saez, of Venezuela, crowned 30th Miss Universe
    In 1982, Bombs planted by Irish Republican Army explode in 2 London parks
    In 1982, IRA bomb attacks in London
    In 1982, T Macauly & D Vosburghs musical "Windy City," premieres in London
    In 1983, France performs nuclear Test at Muruora Island
    In 1984, Uwe Hohn of East Germany throws javelin a record 104.8 m
    In 1984, Vanessa Williams is asked to resign as Miss America
    In 1985, Divers find wreck of Spanish galleon Atocha
    In 1986, Jane Geddes wins LPGA Boston Five Golf Classic
    In 1987, Don Mattingly ties 1st base fielding record with 22 put-outs
    In 1988, Michael Dukakis selected Democratic presidential nominee
    In 1989, 93øF, highest overnight low ever recorded in Phoenix Arizona
    In 1989, Burma govt puts author Aung San Suu Kyi under house arrest
    In 1990, Justice William Brennan resigns from Supreme Court after 36 years
    In 1991, Kirk Cameron marries Growing Pains co-star Chelsea Noble in upstate NY
    In 1991, Mike Tyson is accused of raping a Miss Black America contestant
    In 1992, 121st British Golf Open: Nick Faldo shoots a 272 at Muirfield Gullane
    In 1992, H Debehogne & A Lopez G discover asteroid #5755
    In 1992, Round World Air Race begins in Paris
    In 1993, E W Elst finds asteroid 6977 Jaucourt, 7478 Hasse, 8096, 8190 & #8191
    In 1993, Fire in the press box at Altanta Fulton County Stadium
    In 1993, Joe Petruzzi files for divorce from Annabella Sciorra (Jungle Fever)
    In 1994, Major parts of Comet Shoemaker-Levy hit Jupiter (July 16th-22nd)
    In 1994, OJ Simpson offers $500,000 reward for evidence of ex-wife's klller
    In 1996, 26th Olympic games open at Atlanta, Georgia (sched)
    In 1997, 126th British Golf Open: Billy Ray Brown shoots a 271 at Royal Troon
    In 1997, American Justin Leonard wins the British Open shooting at 272
    In 1997, Burnet Senior Golf Classic
    In 1997, Michele Redman wins LPGA JAL Big Apple Classic

    Holidays
    [Columbia-1810, Tunisia-1956] Independence Day/D¡a de la Independencia
    [Germany] Von Stauffenberg Day
    [Israel] Jerusalem captured
    [US] Moon Day (1969)

    Observances
    In 1537, [old RC] Feast of St Jerome Emiliani, confessor
    In 2010, [Jewish] Tisha B'Av (Av 9, 5770)
    In 2059, [Jewish] Tisha B'Av (Av 10, 5819)
    [Christian] Commemoration of St Vulmarus, French hermit
    [ORC] St Margaret (St Marina/Marinos of Antioch)
    [ORTH] St Marina/Marinos of Sicily
    [RC] Comm of St Margaret of Antioch, virgin/martyr (3rd cen)
    [RC] Elias, prophet
    [RC] Vulmarus, French hermit/saint
    [RC] Wilgefortis, "baardheilige," kings doctor






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