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Tuesday 20th of February 2018

On This Day In History

  • February 20th…

    51st day of the year with 314 days left (Numerology = 4)

    Happy Birthday to:
    In 1494, Johan Friis, chancellor (Denmark, helped formed Lutheranism)
    In 1507, Gentile Bellini, Italian artist (Sultan Mohammed II)
    In 1523, Jan Blahoslav, Czech humanist/bishop (Bohemian brothers)
    In 1632, Thomas Osborne, Duke of Leeds, English PM (1690-94)/founder (Tories)
    In 1633, Jan de Baen, portrait painter/etcher
    In 1656, Johannes Schenck, German/Neth composer, baptised
    In 1734, Franz Ignaz Beck, composer
    In 1745, Johann Peter Salomon, composer
    In 1751, J H Voá, writer
    In 1752, Charles Broche, composer
    In 1763, Adalbert Gyrowetz, composer
    In 1770, Ferdinando Carulli, composer
    In 1784, Adam Black, Edinburgh Scotland, politician/publisher
    In 1791, Carl Czerny, Vienna Austria, pianist/composer (Schule der Virtuosen)
    In 1796, Eduard W van Dam van Isselt, Dutch military/liberal politician
    In 1802, Charles-Auguste de Beriot, Belgian violinist/composer
    In 1803, Friedrich Theodor Frohlich, composer
    In 1805, Angelina Grimke, reformer/abolitionist/politician/lawyer
    In 1808, Daumier, Marseilles France, artist
    In 1809, Albertus J Duymaer van Twist, gov-gen of Neth-Indies
    In 1809, Henry Walton Wessells, Brig General (Union volunteers), died in 1889
    In 1816, Josef Michal Ksawery Jan Poniatowski, composer
    In 1820, Mahlon Dickerson Manson, Brig General (Union volunteers), died in 1895
    In 1827, Edward Stuyvesant Bragg, Brig General (Union volunteers), died in 1912
    In 1835, Allessandro d'Ancona, Italian philologist
    In 1838, James Barbour Terrill, Brig General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
    In 1844, Ludwig Eduard Boltzmann, Austria, physicist (statistical mechanics)
    In 1844, Mih ly von Munk csy, [Michael von Lieb], Hungarian painter
    In 1852, Nikolai Garin [Michailovski], Russian author (Tjoma Kartashov)
    In 1854, Louis F M van Westerhoven, actor/singer/opera director (Youth)
    In 1861, Nicolaas van Meeteren, Cura‡ao, folklorist
    In 1870, Pieter Cornelis Boutens, Holland, mystic poet/scholar (Verzen)
    In 1874, Mary Garden, Aberdeen Scotland, opera star
    In 1876, Fyodor Akimenko, composer
    In 1881, Pedro Mu€oz Seca, Spanish playwright (Vengeanza de Don Mendo)
    In 1883, Shiga Naoya, Japan, novelist (Road Through Dark Night)
    In 1886, Bela Kun, Czehul Romania, head of Hungarian Soviet Republic (1919)
    In 1887, David McKinley Williams, composer
    In 1887, Hesketh Pearson, England, biographer/playwright (Writ for Libel)
    In 1888, Georges Bernanos, France, novelist (Diary of a Country Priest)
    In 1888, Marie Rambert, Warsaw, English ballet producer/director/teacher
    In 1889, Levko Mykolayevich Revutsky, composer
    In 1893, Russel Crouse, journalist/novelist/playwright (Life with Father)
    In 1895, Freida Geiken, autobiographer (National Historic Taping)
    In 1896, Henri de Lubac sj, French theologist/anti-fascist
    In 1897, Ivan Albright, Illinois, painter (Door, Window)
    In 1898, Enzo Ferrari, Italy, sportscar manufacturer (Ferrari)
    In 1899, Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney, LI NY, founder (Pan Am Airways)
    In 1899, Leon Woizikowski, Polish dancer/ballet master (Ballets Russes)
    In 19--, Andrew Stele, Willmington Delaware, (Billy Campbell-Melrose Place)
    In 19--, Carl Mayer, writer (Cabinet of Dr Caligari)
    In 19--, Claudette Wells, St Louis Mo, actress (Square Pegs)
    In 19--, Corey Blakely, Boston Mass, rapper (Perfect Gentlemen)
    In 19--, Henry Polic II, Pitts Pa, actor (When Things Were Rotten, Webster)
    In 19--, Sean Michaels, XXX actor (Con Job, Lonely is the Night)
    In 1900, Antonio Veretti, composer
    In 1900, Graham Spry, St Thomas Ontario, Canadian radio pioneer
    In 1900, Jean Negulesco
    In 1901, Ali Muhammad Naguib, Khartoum, president of Egypt (1952-54)
    In 1901, Cecil H King, Irish/British daily newspaper publisher (Daily Mirror)
    In 1901, Henry Eyring, Mexican/US chemist
    In 1901, Louis I Kahn, Estonia, architect (Bryn Mawr dormitory) [or Dec 20]
    In 1901, Ren‚ Jules Dubos, France, US microbiologist/author (Health & Disease)
    In 1902, Ansel Adams, photographer (1966 ASMP Award)
    In 1903, Ella Maillart, explorer
    In 1903, Karel Janacek, composer
    In 1903, Pierre Charles, Belgian heavyweight boxer
    In 1904, Aleksei N Kosygin, Soviet premier (1964-80)
    In 1904, Armin Loos, composer
    In 1904, Bramwell Fletcher, Yorkshire England, actor (White Cargo, Mummy)
    In 1905, Jascha Golowanjuk, Swedish writer (Acrobat)
    In 1907, Malcolm Atterbury, Phila, actor (Jonas-Thicker than Water, Apples Way)
    In 1907, Nadine Conner, Calif, soprano (Carmen, Pamina-Magic Flute)
    In 1907, Owain Jenkins, company director
    In 1908, Grigori Yakovlevich Bakhchivangi, test pilot (BI-1)
    In 1908, Rosalind Laura Burke, aviatrix
    In 1910, Julian Trevelyan, English Surrealist painter/collage maker
    In 1910, Millicent Fenwick, (Rep-R-NJ 1975-82)
    In 1911, Margot Grahame
    In 1911, Robert Guyn McBride, Tucson Arizona, composer (Mexican Rhapsody)
    In 1913, Jozef Kresanek, composer
    In 1913, Mary Durack, poet
    In 1913, Nadine Conner, US, opera singer (Carmen, La Boh‚me)
    In 1913, Rex Tucker, TV writer/director
    In 1914, John Daly, S Africa, newscaster/TV game show host (What's My Line)
    In 1914, Marion Kettlewell, British director (WRNS)
    In 1914, Willem J H Baart, Dutch vicar (Cuentanan di Nanzi)
    In 1915, Philip Friend, Horsham England, actor (Vulture, Fur Collar)
    In 1916, Jackie Gleason, Bkln NY, comedian (Ralph Kramden-Honeymooners)
    In 1916, Julius Juzeliunas, composer
    In 1916, Paul Tripp, NYC, TV host (Mr I Magination)
    In 1917, Frederick Page, CEO (British Aerospace Aircraft Group)
    In 1920, Armin Schibler, Dutch Swiss composer (Devil in the Winter Palace)
    In 1920, Liesbeth Tonckens, [Wilhelmina], actress/lecturer (Free People)
    In 1921, Amanda Blake, [Beverly], Buffalo NY, actress (Kitty Russell-Gunsmoke)
    In 1921, Joseph Albert Walker, Wash DC, test pilot (X-15)
    In 1921, Nurv Shiner, singer
    In 1921, Ruth Gipps, British(?) conductor/composer
    In 1923, Forbes Burnham, premier Guyana (1964-85)
    In 1924, Gloria Vanderbilt, don't my jeans look great (poor little rich girl)
    In 1924, Sidney Poitier, actor (Porgy & Bess, A Raisin in the Sun) or 1927
    In 1925, Alex La Guma, Cape Town South Africa, novelist (A Walk in the Night)
    In 1925, Pramudya Ananta Tur, Javanese author (Anak semua bangsa)
    In 1925, Robert Altman, Kansas City MO, director (Nashville, M*A*S*H)
    In 1926, Cameron Rusby, British Vice-Admiral
    In 1926, Edgar Meuli, cricketer (opened NZ batting in Test v S Africa 1953)
    In 1926, Kenneth H Olsen, US, engineer/founder (Digital Equipment Corp)
    In 1926, Robert Eugene Richards, Ill, pole vaulter (Olympic-gold-48, 52, 56)
    In 1927, Roy Cohn, lawyer, "grand inquisitor" (for Sen Joseph McCarthy)
    In 1928, Donald Longmore, British cardiac surgeon
    In 1928, Elroy Face, baseball pitcher (Pittsburgh Pirates)
    In 1929, Toshiro Mayuzumi, Yokohama Japan, composer (Sphenogramme)
    In 1930, Bill Walker, British MP
    In 1930, Patricia Smith, New Haven Ct, actress (Bob Newhart Show)
    In 1933, Hannes Postma, Dutch graphic artist
    In 1934, Bobby Unser, auto racer (1968, 75, 81 Indianapolis 500)
    In 1934, Lady Wharton
    In 1936, Larry Hovis, Wapito Wash, comedian (Gomer Pyle, Hogan's Heroes)
    In 1936, Marj Dusay, [Mahoney], Russell Ks, actress (Kate-Bret Maverick)
    In 1936, Roy Beggs, British MP
    In 1937, David Ackles, Illinois, vocalist/songwriter (American Gothic)
    In 1937, Nancy Wilson, Chillicothe Ohio, jazz vocalist (Feel Like Making Love)
    In 1937, Robert Huber, Munich Germany, biochemist (Nobel 1988)
    In 1937, Roger Penske, auto racer
    In 1938, Jack Bicknell, WLAF head coach (Barcelona Dragons)
    In 1938, Mona Mitchell, Lady-in-Waiting to Princess Alexandra
    In 1939, Barbara Ellis, Olympia Wa, rocker (Fleetwoods)
    In 1939, Roy George Elroy Josephs, jazz dance teacher
    In 1940, Barbara Laine Ellis, singer
    In 1940, Christoph Eschenbach, Breslau, Germany, pianist/conductor
    In 1940, Jimmy Greaves, British broadcaster/soccer player
    In 1940, RA Weiss, director (Institute of Cancer Research)
    In 1940, V Payne, British headmistress (Malvern Girls' College)
    In 1941, Buffy Sainte-Marie, Maine, folksinger (Now That the Buffalo Are Gone)
    In 1942, Charlie Gillett, Lancashire, rock broadcaster (Sound of the City)
    In 1942, Claude Miller, director (Garde a Vue, Little Thief, Wild Child)
    In 1942, David O'Dowd, Chief Constable (Northamptonshire)
    In 1942, Mitch McConnell, (Sen-R-KY, 1985- )
    In 1942, Peter Strauss, Croton-on-Hudson NY, actor (Rich Man Poor Man)
    In 1942, Phil Esposito, NHL center/GM (Bruins, Rangers)
    In 1943, Aleksandr Pavlovich Alexandrov, Russian, cosmonaut (Soyuz T-9, TM-3)
    In 1943, Antonio Inoki, [Kanji Rikidozan], wrestler (NJPW/JWA)
    In 1943, Lord McNally
    In 1943, Mike Leigh, dramatist/director (High Hopes, Secrets & Lies)
    In 1944, Lew Soloff, Bkln NY, rocker (Blood, Sweat & Tears)
    In 1944, Roger Knapman, British MP
    In 1944, Willem van Hanegem, Dutch soccer champ/coach (Feyenoord)
    In 1945, Alan Hull, singer/composer
    In 1945, Andrew Bergman, director/screenwriter (Soapdish, Honeymoon in Vegas)
    In 1946, Brenda Blethyn, actress (Secrets & Lies)
    In 1946, J[erome] Geils, NYC, rock guitarist (J Geils Band-Centerfold)
    In 1946, Mieke H A Boers-Wijnberg, Dutch MP (CDA)
    In 1946, Sandy Duncan, Henderson Tx, actress (Hogan Family)
    In 1947, Andr‚ van Duin, [Kyvon], Dutch entertainer (Bloemkoole)
    In 1947, Jennifer O'Neill, Rio de Janeiro Brazil, actress (Summer of '42)
    In 1948, A C Fabian, astronomer
    In 1948, Barry Wordsworth, conductor
    In 1948, Billy Zoom, musician
    In 1948, Gerda Boykin, LPGA golfer
    In 1948, John Browne, group chief executive, British Petroleum Company
    In 1949, Eddie Hemmings, cricket off-spinner (immense England)
    In 1949, Ivana Trump, Gottwaldov Cz, ex-wife of Donald Trump (1st Wives Club)
    In 1950, John Voldstad, Oslo Norway, actor (Darryl-Newhart)
    In 1950, Walter Becker, NYC, rock bassist (Steely Dan-Peg)
    In 1951, Bonnie Lauer, LPGA golfer
    In 1951, Edward Albert, LA Ca, actor (Jeff-Falcon Crest, Butterflies are Free)
    In 1951, Gordon Brown, British MP
    In 1951, Kathy Baillie, Morristown NJ, country vocalist (Baille Boys-Oh Heart)
    In 1951, Phil Neal, English soccer player
    In 1951, Randy California, [Wolfe], Cal, guitarist (Spirit-I Got a Line on You)
    In 1952, Catherine Cummins, Clintwood Va, 1st of 5 siblings born on 2/20
    In 1953, Carol Cummins, Clintwood Va, 2nd of 5 siblings born on 2/20
    In 1953, Riccardo Chailly, Milan Italy, conductor (West Berlin Symph Orch)
    In 1954, Anthony Stewart Head, actor (Buffy Vampire Slayer)
    In 1954, Jon Brant, rock bassist (Cheap Trick)
    In 1954, Patty Hearst Shaw, SF, famous kidnap hostage (Tanya)
    In 1954, Vasili Vasilyevich Tsibliyev, Rus col/cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-17, TM-25)
    In 1955, Kelsey Grammer, Virgin Islands, actor (Fraiser Crane-Cheers/Fraiser)
    In 1956, Charles Cummins, Clintwood Va, 3rd of 5 siblings born on 2/20
    In 1958, Carol Ficatier, Auscene France, playmate (December, 1985)
    In 1958, James Wilby, Burma, actor (Howards End, Maurice)
    In 1959, Bill Gullickson, US baseball pitcher (Detroit Tigers)
    In 1959, Joel Rifkind, NY serial killer
    In 1959, Scott Evans Brayton, racing car driver
    In 1960, Kee Marcello, rocker (Europe-Final Countdown)
    In 1960, Mark Reilly, [Matt Bianco], rocker (Indio-Big Harvest)
    In 1961, Claudia Cummins, Clintwood Va, 4th of 5 siblings born on 2/20
    In 1961, Imogen Stubbs, Rothbury England, actress (Summer Story)
    In 1961, Rachel Ryan, [Serena Robinson] XXX actress (Deep Obsession) [or Aug 22]
    In 1961, Serena Robinson, [Rachel Ryan] XXX actress (Deep Obsession)
    In 1961, Steve Lundquist, US swimmer (Olympics-2 gold-1984)
    In 1962, Adam Schreiber, NFL center/guard (Atlanta Falcons, NY Giants)
    In 1962, Joel Ellis, rocker
    In 1962, Ria Coyne, Scranton Penn, comedienne (Betsy-Batman Forever)
    In 1963, Charles Barkley, Leads Ab, NBA forward (Phoenix, Rockets, Oly-gold-96)
    In 1963, Ian Brown, English rock vocalist (Stone Roses-Made of Stone)
    In 1963, William Baldwin, NY, actor (Backdraft, Sliver, Flatliners)
    In 1964, Christian Ruuttu, Lappeenranta FIN, hockey forward (Team Finland)
    In 1964, French Stewart, NM, actor (Harry Solomon-Third Rock From the Sun)
    In 1964, Jeffrey Allan Maggert, Columbia MO, PGA golfer (1993 Walt Disney)
    In 1964, Terry Ilous, rock vocalist (XYZ, Cannibal Jacket) [or Jun 28]
    In 1965, Federica Moro, Carate Brianza Italy, Miss Italy (1982)
    In 1965, Sabrina (Dawn), XXX actress (Parting Shots, Hot Cherries, Bush League)
    In 1966, Britt Hager, NFL linebacker (Denver Broncos, St Louis Rams)
    In 1966, Cecilia Cummins, Clintwood Va, 5th of 5 siblings born on 2/20
    In 1966, Cindy Crawford, Dekalb Ill, super model (Sports Illustrated Swimsuit)
    In 1966, Dennis Allen Mitchell, Cherry Point NC, 100m/200m (Olympics-silver-96)
    In 1966, Derek Lilliquist, US baseball pitcher (Cleveland Indians, Atl Braves)
    In 1967, Andrew Shue, actor (Melrose Place)
    In 1967, Broderick Thomas, NFL linebacker (Tampa Bay Buccaneers, Minn, Cowboys)
    In 1967, Chris Singleton, NFL linebacker (Miami Dolphins)
    In 1967, Kurt Cobain, rock vocalist (Nirvana)/husband of Courtney Love
    In 1967, Kurt Knudsen, US baseball pitcher (Detroit Tigers)
    In 1967, Lili Taylor, actress (Ransom, Short Cuts)
    In 1967, Rebekka Lynn Armstrong, Bakersfield Ca, playmate (Sep, 1986)
    In 1967, Theresa Luke, Vancouver BC, rower (Olympics-96)
    In 1967, Tom Waddle, NFL player (Chicago Bears/Cincinnati Bengals)
    In 1968, Bennie Goods, CFL defensive tackle (Edmonton Eskimos)
    In 1968, Lorraine Olivia, Geneva Ill, playmate (Nov, 1990)
    In 1969, Tommy Vardell, NFL running back (Cleve Browns, Detroit Lions)
    In 1969, [Touchdown] Tommy Vardell, NFL running back (Cleveland Browns)
    In 1970, Bryan Robinson, defensive end (St Louis Rams)
    In 1970, Cheyenne Brando, Papeete Tahiti, daughter of Marlon
    In 1970, Jeff Robinson, NFL defensive end (Denver Broncos, St Louis Rams)
    In 1970, Leo Stefan, Chelyabinsk RUS, hockey forward (Team Germany)
    In 1971, Jari Litmanen, soccer player (Ajax)
    In 1971, Shalanda Burt, US murderess
    In 1972, Corinna Harney, Bremerhaven Germany, playmate (Aug, 1991)
    In 1972, Tom Gough, 200« lbs (91 kg) US weightlifter (Olympics-14th-1996)
    In 1973, Vladimir Iiic, WLAF defensive end (Barcelona Dragons, Rhein Fire)
    In 1974, Katerina Kroupova, Olomouc Czech, tennis star (1994 Futures-Sofia-BUL)
    In 1975, Brendan Witt, Humboldt, NHL defenseman (Washington Capitals)
    In 1975, Brian Littrell, singer (Backstreet Boys)
    In 1975, Ismael Kirui, Marakwet Kenya, 5k runner
    In 1977, Sarah Ryan, Adelaide SA Australia, swimmer (Olympics-96)
    In 1977, Stephon Marbury, NBA guard (Minn Timberwolves)
    In 1977, Veronica Ledesma, Miss Universe-Argentina (1996)
    In 1978, Andrea Moody, Abbotsford BC, 4X100 swimmer (Olympics-96)
    In 1979, Jennifer Love Hewitt, actress (Sarah Reeves-Party of Five)
    Sorry To See these People go:
    In 1054, Yaroslav I, the Wise, ruler (Kiev), dies
    In 1194, Tancredo of Lecce, King of Sicily, dies
    In 1431, Martinus V, [Oddo Colonna], Italian Pope, dies
    In 1569, Mark van Vaernewijck, Flemish nobleman/politician, dies at 50
    In 1595, Ernst, archduke of Austria, dies at 41
    In 1626, John Dowland, composer, dies
    In 1628, Gregor Aichinger, German composer/organist, dies at about 63
    In 1656, James Ussher, Irish bible scholar/anglican archbishop, dies at 76
    In 1667, David ben Samuel Halevi, rabbi/author (Shulchan Aruch), dies
    In 1707, Aurangzeb, Mogul emperor of India (1658-1707), dies
    In 1731, Frederich Karl Erbach, composer, dies at 50
    In 1737, Elizabeth Rowe, poet, dies
    In 1746, Guillaume Coustou Sr, French sculptor (Mary Leszczynska), dies at 68
    In 1773, Charles Emanuel I, King of Sardinia/Duke of Savoy (CE III), dies at 71
    In 1786, Johann Wolfgang Kleinknecht, composer, dies at 70
    In 1788, Gijsbert John van Hardenbroeck, Dutch regent (Utrecht), dies at 68
    In 1790, Joseph II, Emperor of Holy Roman empire, dies at 48
    In 1809, Johann Joseph Emmert, composer, dies at 76
    In 1810, Andreas Hofer, milt leader (fought Napoleon's France), executed at 42
    In 1810, Johann Friedrich Kranz, composer, dies at 57
    In 1817, Martin de Ron, composer, dies at 27
    In 1845, Pavel Ivanovich Dulgorukov, composer, dies at 57
    In 1848, [Willem] Alexander FCNM, prince of Neth/gen-maj, dies at 29
    In 1851, Josef Alois Ladurner, composer, dies at 81
    In 1855, Joseph Hume, social reformer, dies
    In 1860, Henry Drummond, English banker/religious leader, dies at 69
    In 1892, Hermann Kopp, German chemist (Law of Kopp), dies at 74
    In 1895, Frederick Douglass, escaped slave, anti-slavery leader, dies at 77
    In 1904, Gustav Adolf Heinze, composer, dies at 83
    In 1907, [Ferdinand-Frederic-]Henri Moissan, chemist (Nobel 1906), dies at 54
    In 1910, Boetros Ghali, Egyptian premier, murdered
    In 1911, Alexander Alexandrovich Kopilov, composer, dies at 56
    In 1911, Peter Nicolai von Wilm, composer, dies at 76
    In 1916, Klas Pontus Arnoldson, Swedish politician (Nobel 1908), dies at 71
    In 1920, Robert E Peary, US pole explorer (North Pole, 6/4/1909), dies at 63
    In 1936, John Hope, president of Atlanta University, dies at 67
    In 1937, "Barlow" Carkeek, Aust cricket wicketkeeper (1912 series), dies
    In 1942, Guido Gasperini, composer, dies at 76
    In 1946, Hugh Allen, musician, dies
    In 1951, Howard Brockway, composer, dies at 80
    In 1958, Thurston Hall, actor (Mr Schuyler-Topper), dies at 75
    In 1959, Ray McDonald, dancer, dies of barbituate overdose at 38
    In 1960, Leonard Woolley, archaeologist, dies
    In 1961, Otto E Huiswoud, [Frank Billings], editor (Negro Worker), dies at 67
    In 1961, Percy Aldridge Grainger, Australian/US composer/pianist, dies at 78
    In 1962, Halliwell Hobbes, dies at 64
    In 1964, R T Stanyforth, English cricket wicketkeeper (S Africa 1927-28), dies
    In 1966, Chester W Nimitz, US admiral (WW II), dies at 80
    In 1968, Anthony Asquith, dies
    In 1969, Ernest Ansermet, Swiss conductor/composer, dies at 85
    In 1969, Jack Ingram, actor (Law of the West), dies of heart attack at 66
    In 1970, Albert Louis Wolff, composer, dies at 86
    In 1972, Herbert Menges, composer, dies at 69
    In 1972, Walter Winchell, writer/actor (Dondi, Love & Hisses), dies at 74
    In 1973, Brigitte Reimann, writer, dies at 39
    In 1973, Joseph Szigeti, Hungarian/US violinist, dies at 80
    In 1973, Maurice Dallimore, actor (Collector), dies at 60
    In 1974, David Monrad Johansen, composer, dies at 85
    In 1975, Edgar "Cookie" Fairchild, bandleader (Jerry Colonna Show), dies at 76
    In 1975, Lillian Fontaine, actress (Suddenly it's Spring), dies at 88
    In 1975, Robert Strauss, actor (Sgt Gruzewsky-Mona McCluskey), dies at 61
    In 1976, Kathryn Kuhlman, religious leader/faith healer, dies
    In 1978, Vitorino Nem‚sio, Portuguese author (Presen‡a), dies at 76
    In 1980, Alice Longworth Roosevelt, youngest daughter of Theodore, dies at 96
    In 1983, James G Richardson, (Tim Cassidy-Sierra), dies at 37 in ski accident
    In 1983, Ray Vitte, actor (Doc, Cody-Quest), killed by police at 33
    In 1984, Fikret Dzhamil Amirov, composer, dies at 61
    In 1985, Clarence Nash, voice (Donald Duck), dies at 80 of leukemia, in Calif
    In 1986, Francisco Paolo Mignone, composer, dies at 88
    In 1986, Jacobus G Rietkerk, Dutch foreign minister (VVD), dies at 58
    In 1987, Ivan Brkanovic, composer, dies at 80
    In 1992, Andrew Schenck, conducter, dies of melanoma at 51
    In 1992, Dick York, actor (Bewitched), dies of emphysema at 63
    In 1992, Joan Dixon, actress (Hot Lead, Bunco Squad, Gunplay), dies at 66
    In 1993, Ferruccio Lamborghini, Italian auto-designer (Miura), dies
    In 1994, Derek Jarman, English director (Last of England), dies at 52
    In 1994, Manuel F "Garincha" dos Santos, soccer player (Brazil), dies at 49
    In 1995, John Humphreys Whitfield, italianist, dies at 88
    In 1995, Shlomo Averbach, Rabbi, buried in Jerusalem, 250,000 attend
    In 1996, Jeffrey Kindersley Quill, Test pilot, dies at 83
    In 1996, Michael Herford Wooller, TV/film producer, dies at 69
    In 1996, Toru Takemitsu, composer, dies at 65
    In 1996, Walter Charles Marshall, scientist, dies at 63
    Events:
    In 1525, Swiss & German mercenaries desert Fran‡ois I's army
    In 1547, King Edward VI of England was enthroned following death of Henry VIII
    In 1613, Gerard Reynst appointed Dutch gov-gen of East-Indies
    In 1653, Defeat of Dutch fleet under Adm Van Tromp by Adm Blake off Portsmouth
    In 1673, 1st recorded wine auction held (London)
    In 1710, Johan Willem Friso becomes viceroy of Groningen Neth
    In 1725, 10 sleeping Indians scalped by whites in NH for ś100/scalp bounty
    In 1732, Estates of Holland ratifies Treaty of Vienna
    In 1737, French minister of Finance, Chauvelin, resigns
    In 1745, Bonnie Prince Charlies troops occupy Fort August, Scotland
    In 1746, Bonnie Prince Charlie occupies Castle of Inverness
    In 1768, 1st American chartered fire insurance company opens (Penn)
    In 1792, US postal service created; postage 6›-12«›, depending on distance
    In 1809, Supreme Court rules federal govt power greater than any state
    In 1811, Austria declares bankruptcy
    In 1816, Rossini's opera "Barber of Seville" premieres in Rome
    In 1823, English Capt James Weddell reaches 74ř 15' S, 1520 km from S pole
    In 1831, Polish revolutionaries defeat Russians in battle of Growchow
    In 1832, Charles Darwin visits Fernando Noronha in Atlantic Ocean
    In 1835, Concepci˘n, Chile destroyed by earthquake; 5,000 die
    In 1839, Congress prohibits dueling in District of Columbia
    In 1846, British occupy Sikh citadel of Lahore
    In 1856, John Rutledge, Liverpool-NY steamer, hits iceberg; many die
    In 1861, Dept of Navy of Confederacy forms
    In 1861, Steeple of Chichester Cathedral blown down during a storm
    In 1864, Civil War battle of Olustee, Florida
    In 1865, M I T forms 1st US collegiate architectural school
    In 1869, Tenn Gov W C Brownlow declares martial law in Ku Klux Klan crisis
    In 1872, Hydraulic electric elevator patented by Cyrus Baldwin
    In 1872, Luther Crowell patents a machine that manufactures paper bags
    In 1872, Metropolitan Museum of Art opens (NYC)
    In 1872, Silas Noble & JP Cooley patents toothpick manufacturing machine
    In 1873, U of Calif gets its 1st Med School (UC/SF)
    In 1876, C H F Peters discovers asteroid #160 Una
    In 1877, 1st cantilever bridge in US completed, Harrodsburg, Kentucky
    In 1877, International Association (minor baseball league) organizes
    In 1887, 1st minor league baseball association organizes (Pittsburgh)
    In 1887, Germany, Austria-Hungary & France end Triple Alliance
    In 1890, Amsterdam Theater destroyed by fire
    In 1890, R Luther discovers asteroid #288 Glauke
    In 1895, Congress authorizes a US mint at Denver, Colorodo
    In 1899, Ill Tel & Tel granted franchise for Chicago freight tunnel system
    In 1901, 1st territorial legislature of Hawaii convenes
    In 1901, L Carnera discovers asteroid #469 Argentina
    In 1902, Heavy surf breaks over Seal Rocks & damages Sutro Baths, SF
    In 1903, Nick Young remains as NL president as AG Spalding ends challenge
    In 1912, Argentina beat the MCC in their inaugural cricket 1st-class fixture
    In 1915, Panama-Pacific International Exposition opens in SF
    In 1917, Ammunitions ship explodes in Archangelsk harbor, about 1,500 die
    In 1917, Kern, Bolton & Wodehouse's musical "Oh, Boy!," premieres in NYC
    In 1919, French premier Clemenceau injured during assassination attempt
    In 1921, Riza Khan Pahlevi seizes control of Iran
    In 1922, Marc Connelly & George Kaufman's "To the Ladies," premieres in NYC
    In 1922, Vilinus, Lithuania, agrees to separate from Poland
    In 1922, WOR-AM in New York City begins radio transmissions
    In 1923, Christy Mathewson becomes pres of Boston Braves
    In 1927, Golfers in SC arrested for violating Sabbath
    In 1928, O Oikawa discovers asteroid #1090 Sumida
    In 1929, American Samoa organizes as territory of US
    In 1929, Red Sox announce they will play Sunday games at Braves Field
    In 1930, Capelle soccer team forms
    In 1931, Congress allows California to build Oakland-Bay Bridge
    In 1932, Japanese troops occupy Tunhua China
    In 1933, Curom, Cura‡aose Broadcast System starts: Princess Juliana's speech
    In 1933, House of Reps completes congressional action to repeal Prohibition
    In 1933, Sidney Howard's "Alien Corn," premieres in NYC
    In 1934, O Bancilhon discovers asteroid #1333 Cevenola
    In 1934, Virgil Thomson's opera "4 Saints in 3 Acts" opens in NYC
    In 1935, Karoline Mikkelson is 1st woman on Antarctica
    In 1937, 1st automobile/airplane combination tested, Santa Monica, Ca
    In 1938, K Reinmuth discovers asteroids #1482 Sebastiana, #3569 & #6809 Sakuma
    In 1938, UK Foreign Sec Eden resigns, says PM Chamberlain appeased Germany
    In 1938, Y Vaisala discovers asteroids #1449 Virtanen, #1450 Raimonda & #2898
    In 1940, Larry Clinton & his Orchestra record "Limehouse Blues"
    In 1941, 1st transport of Jews to concentration camps leave Plotsk Poland
    In 1941, Nazis order Polish Jews barred from using public transportation
    In 1941, Romania breaks relations with Netherlands
    In 1942, Lt E H O'Hare single-handedly shoots down 5 Japanese heavy bombers
    In 1943, Allied troops occupy Kasserine pass in Tunisia
    In 1943, New volcano Paracutin erupts in farmer's corn patch (M‚xico)
    In 1943, Phil Wrigley & B Rickey charter All-American Girls Softball League
    In 1944, Batman & Robin comic strip premieres in newspapers
    In 1944, US takes Eniwetok Island
    In 1947, Chemical mixing error causes explosion that destroys 42‡ blocks in LA
    In 1947, Lord Mountbatten appointed as last viceroy of India
    In 1948, Czechoslovakia's non-communist minister resigns
    In 1949, 1st International Pancake Race held (Liberal Ks)
    In 1950, Dylan Thomas arrives in NYC for his 1st US poetry reading tour
    In 1950, WOL-AM in Washington DC swaps calls with WWDC
    In 1952, "African Queen" opens at Capitol Theater in NYC
    In 1952, 1st black umpire in organized baseball certified (Emmett Ashford)
    In 1953, August A Busch buys the Cards for $3.75 million
    In 1953, US Court of Appeals rules that Organized Baseball is a sport & not a
    In 1953, business, affirming the 25-year-old Supreme Court ruling
    In 1954, Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Serbin Golf Open
    In 1954, General Zahedi wins election in Persia
    In 1955, Fay Crocker wins LPGA Serbin Golf Open
    In 1956, WOSU TV channel 34 in Columbus, OH (PBS) begins broadcasting
    In 1957, Hughie Tayfield takes 9-113 v England, 13 wkts for match
    In 1958, Jockey Eddie Arcaro rides his 4,000th winner
    In 1958, LA Coliseum Comm approves 2-yr pact allows Dodgers to use facility
    In 1962, John Glenn is 1st American to orbit Earth (Friendship 7)
    In 1963, End of the Test Cricket careers of Neil Harvey & Alan Davidson
    In 1963, Willie Mays (SF Giants) signs a record $100,000 per year contract
    In 1965, Beatles record "That Means a Lot"
    In 1965, Ranger 8 makes hard landing on the Moon, returns photos, other data
    In 1965, Turkish government of Uerg*pl* forms
    In 1966, Author Valery Tarsis banished in USSR
    In 1968, John Cleese (Monty Python) marries Connie Booth
    In 1968, State troopers used tear gas to stop demonstration at Alcorn A & M
    In 1971, Bruin Phil Esposito is NHL's quickest to score 50 goals in a season
    In 1971, General Idi Amin Dada appointed president of Uganda
    In 1971, Maj General Idi Amin Dada appoints himself president of Uganda
    In 1971, Natl Emergency Center erroneously orders US radio & TV stations
    In 1971, to go off the air. Mistake wasn't resolved for 30 minutes
    In 1972, 1st time Cleve Cavaliers beat NY Knicks (111-109)
    In 1972, Ard Schenk becomes world champ skater
    In 1972, Sicco Mansholt becomes chairman of European Committee
    In 1973, 10th time Islanders shut-out-4-0 vs Penguins
    In 1974, Cher files for separation from husband Sonny Bono
    In 1974, Gordie Howe comes out of retirement for $1M from Houston Aeros, WHA
    In 1975, Leonard Baichan scores 105* on Test Cricket debut, v Pakistan Lahore
    In 1975, Margaret Thatcher elected leader of British Conserv Party
    In 1975, USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
    In 1976, Muhammad Ali KOs Jan Pierre Coopman in 5 for heavyweight boxing title
    In 1977, "My Fair Lady" closes at St James Theater NYC after 384 performances
    In 1977, Judy Rankin wins LPGA Orange Blossom Golf Classic
    In 1978, 4th People's Choice Awards: Star Wars, Carol Burnett & Bob Hope
    In 1978, Bob Backland beats Billy Graham in NY, to become WWF wrestling champ
    In 1978, Egypt announces it is pulling its diplomats out of Cyprus
    In 1978, Jane Blalock wins LPGA Orange Blossom Golf Classic
    In 1979, "Comin' Uptown" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 45 performances
    In 1980, Actress Susan Dey (LA Law) weds producer Bernard Sofronski
    In 1981, Flight readiness firing of Columbia's main engines; 20 seconds
    In 1981, James Sanford equals 50m indoor world record (5.61 sec)
    In 1982, E Bowell discovers asteroids #2636 Lassell & #3193 Elliot &
    In 1982, #5995 Saint-Aignan
    In 1982, NY Islanders wins then NHL record 15th straight game
    In 1983, Japan launches Tenma satellite to study x-rays (450/570 km)
    In 1983, Roland Liboton becomes world champ cross-country cycling
    In 1984, Asteroid #3731 discovered
    In 1985, A C Gilmore & P M Kilmartin discover asteroid #3810 Aoraki
    In 1985, A Mrkos discovers asteroid #3701
    In 1985, After defending his WBC flyweight championship, Sot Chitalada's
    In 1985, check for $104,000 is stolen by a ringside pickpocket
    In 1986, LA Dodger Orel Hershiser is 1st to win a $1M salary by arbitration
    In 1986, Mike Tyson sexually harasses a woman in Albany NY
    In 1987, Bomb blamed on Unabomber explodes by computer store in Salt Lake City
    In 1987, David Hartman quits ABC's "Good Morning America," after 11 years
    In 1988, 500 die in heavy rains in Rio de Janeiro Brazil
    In 1988, Andr‚ Hoffmann skates world record 1500m (1:52.06)
    In 1988, Brian Boitano wins Olympic gold medal in figure skating
    In 1988, Cornelia Oschkenat hurdles indoor world record 50m (6.58 sec)
    In 1988, Kelly Hrudy's 5th Islander shut-out win-Hartford 3-0
    In 1988, Peter Kalikow purchases NY Post from Rupert Murdoch for $37.6 million
    In 1988, Rob Druppers runs world record indoor 1000m (2:16.2)
    In 1988, Stefka Kostadinova high jumps indoor world record (2.06 m)
    In 1989, Members of 1949 Oklahoma football team cancelled an April
    In 1989, reunion because of deplorable conduct of Oklahoma players
    In 1990, C S Shoemaker & E M Shoemaker discover asteroid #5436 Eumelos
    In 1990, T Seki discovers asteroid #4505 Okamura
    In 1990, Y Kushida & M Inoue discover asteroid #5403 Takachiho
    In 1990, Z Vavrova discovers asteroid #6779
    In 1991, "Taking Steps" opens at Circle in Sq Theater NYC for 78 performances
    In 1991, 33rd Grammy Awards: Another Day in Paradise, Mariah Carey
    In 1991, A Sugie discovers asteroid #5008 Miyazawakenji
    In 1992, "Private Lives" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 37 performances
    In 1992, Orthodox patriarch Shenouda III visits Netherlands
    In 1992, Ross Perot says he'll run for President on Larry King Show
    In 1993, E W Elst discovers asteroid #7346
    In 1993, Florida Marlins open their 1st spring training camp
    In 1993, Lisa Walters wins LPGA Itoki Hawaiian Ladies Golf Open
    In 1993, NY Islanders retire Billy Smith's number 31
    In 1993, T Hioki & S Hayakawa discover asteroid #5629 Kuwana
    In 1994, 3 Afghans take 70 Pakistani children hostage
    In 1994, Johann Olav Koss skates world record 10 km (13:30.55)
    In 1994, Pope John Paul II demands juristic discrimination of homosexuals
    In 1997, "Stanley" opens at Circle in Sq Theater NYC
    In 1997, SF Giants Barry Bonds signs record $22.9M 2 year contract
    In 1998, Tara Lipinski wins Olympic figure skating gold medal
    In 1998, UN Sec-Gen Kofi Annan lands in Baghdad, for peace negotiations
    In 1998, US movie box office hits quickest $1 billion for year (51 days)
    Holidays:
    [US] John Glenn Day (1962)
    [US] President's Day (formerly Washington's Birthday)-legal holiday
    [World] Brotherhood Day (1934)
    Observances:
    In 1620, [Luth] Commemoration of Rasmus Jensen, pastor
    [Christian] Feast of Chair of St Peter at Antioch
    [RC] Corona, martyr
    [RC] Eleutherius, bishop of Blandain/patron of Doornik
    [RC] Feast of St Eucherius
    [RC] Leo Thaumaturgus, bishop of Catania
    [RC] Silvanus, bishop of Emesa/martyr




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