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Sunday 27th of May 2018

On This Day In History

  • On May 27...

    147th day of year with 218 days left (Numerology = 5)
    Happy Birthday to:
    In 1332, Ibn Khaldun, Tunis, Arab historian/sociologist (Muqaddimah)
    In 1595, Benedictus Carpzovius, [Benedikt Carpzov], German lawyer
    In 1626, William II, prince of Orange/stadholder
    In 1652, Elisabeth C "Liselotte" van de Palts, German/French duchess of Orleans
    In 1738, Bonaventura Furlanetto, composer
    In 1756, Maximilian I Jozef, King of Bavaria
    In 1774, Francis Beaufort, admiral/hydrographer (Beaufort wind force scale)
    In 1794, Cornelius Vanderbilt, millionaire (B & O railroad)
    In 1799, Jacques-Fran‡ois-Fromental-Elle Halevy, [Elie Levy], composer
    In 1806, Charles-Joseph Tolbecque, composer
    In 1815, Henry Parkes, British journalist/premier of Australia
    In 1818, Amelia Jenks Bloomer, suffragette known for her pantaloons
    In 1819, Julia Ward Howe, US, author/lecturer (Battle Hymn of the Republic)
    In 1822, Henry Wylde, composer
    In 1822, Josef Joachim Raff, composer
    In 1823, John Gray Foster, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1874
    In 1836, Edwin Gray Lee, Brig General (Confederate Army), died in 1870
    In 1836, Jay Gould, US railroad executive, financier
    In 1837, "Wild Bill" Hickok, [James Butler], cowboy/scout
    In 1837, Robert Frederick Hoke, Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1912
    In 1839, Luigi Capuana, Sicilian author/critic (Roccaverdina)
    In 1849, "Blind" Tom Bethune, pianist/composer
    In 1852, Billy Barnes, cricketer (England all-rounder 1880-90)
    In 1854, Georges Eekhoud, Belgian writer (Jeune Belgium)
    In 1861, Victoria E Matthews, educator
    In 1867, Arnold Bennett, England, novelist/playwright/critic (Great Babylon)
    In 1870, Lionel Palairet, cricketer (elegant England bat in the Golden Age)
    In 1871, Georges-Henri Rouault, Fr expressionist painter (Miserere et Guerre)
    In 1874, Dustin Farnum, US, actor (Squaw Man, Virginian) [or 1870]
    In 1874, Richard von Schaukal, Austria poet/writer (Eros Thanatos)
    In 1879, Lucile Watson, actress (Great Lie, Watch on the Rhine, Let's Dance)
    In 1881, Rudolf Pannwitz, German writer
    In 1884, Bax Brod, composer
    In 1887, Emiel van der Straeten, Flemish playwright (Sudanese legends)
    In 1887, Erich Kuttner, German journalist/historian (Vorw„rts)
    In 1887, Frank Woolley, cricketer (long-running England left-arm all-rounder)
    In 1888, Louis Durey, composer
    In 1891, Claude Adonai Champagne, composer
    In 1892, Sara Heyblom, Dutch actress (Pygmalion, Fietsen naar de Maan)
    In 1894, Dashiell Hammett, Maryland, author (Sam Spade, Maltese Falcon)
    In 1894, L F C‚line, writer
    In 1894, Louis-Ferdinand C‚line, France, novelist (Journey to End of Night)
    In 1895, Marij Kogoj, composer
    In 1897, John Douglas Cockroft, English physicist (Radar, Nobel 1951)
    In 19--, Beau Kazer, actor (Brock-Young & Restless) [or 5/22]
    In 19--, Isabel Lascurain, M‚xico, singer
    In 19--, Julianne James, XXX actress (Brat Force, Army Brat 2)
    In 19--, Susan Foster, Torrance Calif, actress (Sierra)
    In 1902, Celius Dougherty, composer
    In 1906, Robert Shone, director-general (NEDC)
    In 1907, Felix de Nobel, Dutch orchestra leader
    In 1907, Rachel Louise Carson, biologist/ecologist/writer (Silent Spring)
    In 1908, Alex Brown, snooker player
    In 1908, Harold Rome, composer (Fanny, Pins & Needles)
    In 1908, Melle J Oldeboerrigter, [Melle], Dutch painter/cartoonist
    In 1909, Isador Goodman, composer
    In 1910, Daniel Greenway, CEO (Daniel Greenway & Sons)
    In 1911, Hubert Humphrey, (Sen-D-Minn) 38th VP (1965-69), 1968 Pres candidate
    In 1911, Torolf Elster, Norwegian journalist/writer (Frihet och demokrati)
    In 1911, Vincent Price, St Louis MO, actor (House on Haunted Hill, Fly, Laura)
    In 1912, John Cheever, writer (Wapshot Chronicle)
    In 1912, Sam Snead, Hot Springs VA, PGA golfer (PGA-1963, 65, 67, 70, 72, 73)
    In 1913, Arthur Mervyn Stockwood, bishop
    In 1913, Mervyn Stockwood, bishop (Southwark England)
    In 1913, Wolfgang Schulze, [Wols], German cartoonist/painter
    In 1914, Hugh Le Caine, composer
    In 1914, Lord Erroll of Hale, British minister
    In 1914, Rose Stainton, CEO (British Airways)
    In 1915, Herman Wouk, NYC, novelist (Caine Mutiny, Winds of War)
    In 1915, Mario del Monaco, Italian opera singer (Verdi/Puccini)
    In 1916, Norman Griggs, VP (Building Society Association)
    In 1918, Yasuhiro Nakasone, premier of Japan (1982-87)
    In 1919, Kam Fong, Honolulu Hawaii, actor (Hawaii Five-0)
    In 1920, Michael Webster, CEO (DRG)
    In 1920, William Crawshay, Lord-Lt of Gwent
    In 1921, Caryl Chessman, kidnapper who got death penalty (1960)
    In 1921, Redd Stewart, Ashland City Tn, guitarist/pianist (Pee Wee King Show)
    In 1922, Christopher Lee, London England, actor (Hound of Baskervilles)
    In 1922, Sidney AK Keyes, English poet (Iron Laurel)
    In 1923, Henry Kissinger, Secretary of State (1973-77)/Nobel Peace Prize (1973)
    In 1923, Lord Freyberg, British Colonel of General Staff
    In 1925, John Moberly, diplomat
    In 1926, Gordon Leggat, cricketer (open batsman for NZ in 9 Tests 1953-56)
    In 1927, Bryan Cowgill, deputy chairman (Mirror Group)
    In 1927, Jan Blokker, Dutch writer/journalist (VPRO, People's Newspaper)
    In 1928, Thea Musgrave, Barnton Midlothian Scot, composer (Mary Queen of Scots)
    In 1929, Donald Howard Keats, composer
    In 1930, Eino Tamberg, composer
    In 1930, John Barth, novelist (Sot-Weed Factor)
    In 1930, Simon Barrington-Ward
    In 1930, William S Sessions, Arkansas, director of FBI
    In 1931, Florence Sharples, director (British YWCA)
    In 1931, John Chapple, British chief of General Staff
    In 1931, Kenny Price, Florence Ky, country singer (Midwestern Hayride, Hee Haw)
    In 1931, Veroslav Neumann, composer
    In 1932, Jeffrey Bernard, singer
    In 1934, Harlan [Jay] Ellison, US, sci-fi author (7 Hugos, Doomsman, Babylon 5)
    In 1935, Elias Gistelinck, Flemish composer
    In 1935, Lee Meriwether, LA Calif, Miss America (Time Tunnel, Barnaby Jones)
    In 1935, Ramsey Lewis, Chic, pop jazz artist (Hang on Sloopy)
    In 1936, Benjamin Bathurst, vice chief of British Defense Staff
    In 1936, Eric Anderson, headmaster (Eton)
    In 1936, Lord Holme, president British Liberal Party
    In 1936, Louis Gossett Jr, Bkln NY, actor (Officer & Gentleman, Deep)
    In 1939, Don Williams, Floydada Texas, country singer (I Believe in You)
    In 1939, Earl Cairns, CEO (S G Warburg & Co)
    In 1939, Jerry Mercer, rock drummer (April Wine Montreal Montreal)
    In 1940, Rene Koering, composer
    In 1941, Adriaan Venema, Dutch journalist/author (Mussert)
    In 1941, Allan Carr, Ill, director (Grease, Happiest Millionaire)
    In 1941, Davina Phillips, actress
    In 1942, Kent Bede Bernard, Trinidad, 4X400 runner (Olympic-bronze-1964)
    In 1942, Priscilla Anne McLean, composer
    In 1942, Roger Freeman, British minister of transport
    In 1943, Bruce Weitz, Norwalk Ct, actor (Hill St Blues, Death of a Centerfold)
    In 1943, Cilla Black, Liverpool England, rock vocalist (You're My World)
    In 1944, Christopher J Dodd, (Gov/Sen-D-CT, 1981- )
    In 1945, Bruce Cockburn, Ottawa Canada, folk rock vocalist (Waterwalker)
    In 1947, Liana Alexandra, composer
    In 1947, Peter DeFazio, (Rep-D-Oregon)
    In 1947, Robert Reinacher Jr, horse trainer
    In 1948, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Volkov, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-8, T-14, TM-7)
    In 1948, Anna E "Annelies" Balhan, Dutch revue-artist/actress (Sweet Chairty)
    In 1948, Pete Sears, bassist (Jefferson Starship)
    In 1951, John Conteh, boxer
    In 1951, Norma Jean Almodovar, Binghampton, auto-biographer (Cop to Call Girl)
    In 1954, Catherine Carr, US breaststroke swimmer (Olympics-2 gold-1972)
    In 1955, Bill Malley, Oakland CA, Nike golfer (1991 El Paso Open-30th)
    In 1955, Graeme "Jock" Edwards, cricketer (beefy NZ lefty batsman late 70's)
    In 1956, Lisa Niemi, Houston Tx, actress (Dirty Dancing, Will Rodgers Follies)
    In 1956, Nick Lowery, NFL kicker (NY Jets)
    In 1956, Steve Pagano, horse trainer
    In 1957, Bruce Furniss, US swimmer (Olympics-2 gold-1976)
    In 1957, Duncan Goodhew, swimmer
    In 1957, Siouxsie Sioux, [Susan Ballion], Kent England (Siouxsie & Banshees)
    In 1958, Linnea Quigley, Davenport Iowa, actress (Night of Demons, Virgin High)
    In 1958, Neil Finn, rocker (Split Enz-I Got You, Crowded House)
    In 1960, Ray Armsetad, Kirksville Mo, 4X400 runner (Olympic-gold-1984)
    In 1960, Vinodhan John, cricket pace bowler (Sri Lankan in 6 Tests 1983-84)
    In 1961, Cathy Silvers, NYC, actress (Jenny-Happy Days, Foley Square)
    In 1961, Jill Sterkel, US swimmer (Olympics-bronze-1976, 84, 88)
    In 1961, John Lugbill, Wauseon Ohio, US canoist/kayaker (Olympic-92)
    In 1961, Peri Gilpin, Waco Tx, actor (Roz Doyle-Frasier)
    In 1962, Mariangela D'Abbraccio, Naples Italy, TV actress (Passioni)
    In 1962, Meg Parsont, personality (David Letterman Show)
    In 1962, Ravi Shastri, cricketer (Indian SLA all-rounder 1981-92)
    In 1962, Ray Borner, Australian basketball center (Olympics-1984, 88, 92, 96)
    In 1965, Jacob Brumfield, Bogalusa LA, outfielder (Toronto Blue Jays)
    In 1965, Pat Cash, Australia, tennis player (Wimbledon 1987)
    In 1965, Todd Bridges, SF CA, actor (Diff'rent Strokes, Fish)
    In 1966, Eric Leckner, NBA center (Detroit Pistons)
    In 1966, John Jaha, Portland OR, infielder (Milwaukee Brewers)
    In 1966, Ray Sheppard, Pembroke, NHL right wing (Florida Panthers)
    In 1966, Sean Kinney, US rock drummer (Alice in Chains-We Die Young)
    In 1967, Chin Yang, jockey
    In 1967, Doug West, NBA guard (Minnesota Timberwolves)
    In 1967, George McCloud, NBA forward/guard (Dallas Mavericks, Phoenix Suns)
    In 1967, Paul Gascoigne, soccer player
    In 1967, Ruthie Bolton Holifield, WNBA guard (Sac Monarchs/Olympics-gold-96)
    In 1968, Cedric Smith, NFL running back (Wash Redskins, Arizona Cardinals)
    In 1968, Frank Thomas, "Big Hurt", 1st baseman (Chicago White Sox, 1993 MVP)
    In 1968, Jeff Bagwell, Boston Mass, infielder (Houston Astros)
    In 1968, John Connelly, Toledo OH, Nike golfer (1991 NH Open)
    In 1969, Chip Beake, WLAF administrative assistant (Barcelona Dragons)
    In 1969, Dondr‚ T Whitfield, Bkln NY, actor (Another World, All My Children)
    In 1969, Fran‡ois Letourneau, St Jerome Quebec, canoeist (Olympics-96)
    In 1969, Lesley Tashlin, Toronto Ontario, 100m hurdler (Olympics-96)
    In 1969, Todd Hundley, Martinsville VA, catcher (NY Mets)
    In 1969, Travis Williams, NBA forward (Charlotte Hornets)
    In 1970, Liz Earley, St Catharines Ontario, LPGA golfer (1995 Thailand Open)
    In 1970, Michael Blackburn, Australian laser yachter (Olympics-96)
    In 1970, Todd Collins, linebacker (New England Patriots)
    In 1971, Corey Beck, NBA guard (Charlotte Hornets)
    In 1971, Ferdino Hernandez, soccer player (FC Utrecht)
    In 1971, Monika Schnarre, US actress (Bold & Beautiful)
    In 1971, Scott Szeredy, NFL/WLAF kicker/punter (Chiefs, Barcelona Dragons)
    In 1972, Antonio Freeman, NFL wide reciever (Green Bay Packers-Superbowl 31)
    In 1972, Karen Hecox, US 1500m runner
    In 1972, Troy Sienkiewicz, NFL tackle/guard (SD Chargers)
    In 1974, Danny Wuerffel, NFL quarterback (New Orleans Saints)
    In 1976, Richard Park, Seoul Kor, NHL center (Pitts Penguins)
    In 1980, Jessica Deglau, Vancouver BC, 200m butterfly (Olympics-96)

    Sorry to see these people go:
    In , Ordo€o I, King of Asturia (850-66), dies
    In , Symeon, czar of Bulgaria ( -927)
    In 1039, Dirk III Hierosolymita, Count of Holland, dies
    In 1178, Godfried van Rhenen, bishop of Utrecht, dies
    In 1508, Ludovico Sforza [il Moro], Italian duke of Milan, dies at 55
    In 1525, Thomas M*nzer, German vicar/boer leader, executed
    In 1541, Margaretha, duchess of Salisbury, beheaded
    In 1549, Lijsbeth Dirksdr, Fries antabaptist, drowns
    In 1564, Jean Caulvin, [John Calvin], priest/church reformer, dies at 54
    In 1569, Fran‡ois de Coligny, French general (Jarnac), dies
    In 1576, Louis de Boisot, Dutch admiral, drowns at about 44
    In 1580, Jonker Barthold Entens van Mentheda until Middelstum, dies
    In 1596, Tibaldi II, Italian painter/sculptor/architect, dies
    In 1627, Everhardus van Bronchorst, lawyer, dies at 73
    In 1638, Nicolas Forme, composer, dies at 71
    In 1647, Achsah Young, 1st woman known to be a witch, executed in Salem Mass
    In 1652, Jacques Huyn, composer, dies at 39
    In 1661, Archibald Campbell, Scottish politician, beheaded at about 53
    In 1690, Giovanni Legrenzi, Italian composer, dies at 63
    In 1708, Jacques Danican Philidor, composer, dies at 51
    In 1768, Johann M Fleischmann, German/Dutch stamp/letter designer, dies
    In 1790, Jeremiah Carlton, laziest man in history, heir to a large fortune at
    In 1790C, 19 went to bed & stayed there for next 70 yrs, dies at 89
    In 1797, Fran‡ois-Noal "Gracchus" Babeuf, French utopian socialist, dies at 36
    In 1840, Niccol• Paganini, composer/violinist, dies at 57
    In 1855, Nikolaj A Bestoezjev, Russ writer/painter (Account of Holland), dies
    In 1863, Edward Payson Chapin, Union brig general, dies at 31
    In 1876, Joseph Bosworth, lexicographer/scholar, dies
    In 1878, Carlo Marsili, composer, dies at 49
    In 1887, Coenraad J van Houten, Dutch cocoa manufacturer, dies at 86
    In 1896, Allard Pierson, theologist/philosopher/art historian/poet, dies
    In 1902, Jan van Droogenbroeck, Flemish poet, dies
    In 1910, Robert Koch, German bacteriologist (TB, Cholera, Nobel), dies
    In 1914, Joseph Wilson Swan, physicist/chemist, dies
    In 1916, Joseph S Galli‚ni, General/military governor of Paris, dies
    In 1918, Henry Adams, US literature historian (Esther), dies at 80
    In 1925, Ed McKeever, pres (Bkln Dodgers), dies of pneumonia
    In 1934, Meijer Linnewiel, [Prof Kokadorus], Amsterdam street hawker, dies
    In 1939, Joseph Roth, Austria journalist (Fluctuate ohne Ende), dies at 44
    In 1941, AH Borgesius, tutor/experimentator/amateur astronomer, dies at 76
    In 1941, G*nther L*tjens, German admiral (Bismarck), dies
    In 1949, Ropert L Ripley, cartoonist (Believe It or Not), dies at 55 in NY
    In 1951, Thomas Blamey, soldier, dies
    In 1954, Herzmanovsky-Orlando, writer, dies
    In 1958, Ainslie Pryor, actor (Adventures of Hiram Holiday), dies at 46
    In 1958, Samuel Stritch, US cardinal/archbishop (Chicago), dies
    In 1960, Edward Brophy, actor (Champ, Dumbo, Great Guy), dies at 65
    In 1960, George Zucco, actor (Fog Island, Black Raven, Desire Me), dies at 74
    In 1963, Lambrakis, Greek EDA-parliament leader, murdered
    In 1964, Jawaharial Nehru, Independent India's 1st PM, dies at 74
    In 1968, Little Willie John, rocker, dies at 30
    In 1969, Jeffrey Hunter, actor (Christopher Pike-Star Trek Cage), dies at 43
    In 1970, Emmy van Lokhorst, author, dies at 78
    In 1971, Chips Rafferty, actor (Kona Coast, Walk into Hell), dies at 62
    In 1975, Ezzard Charles, heavyweight boxing champion (1949-51), dies at 53
    In 1976, Ruth McDevitt, actress (Jo-All in the Family), dies at 80
    In 1982, Jo LagrilliSre, [Joke], Flemish cartoon character, dies at 47
    In 1983, Arnoldus Christian Vlok van Wyk, composer, dies at 67
    In 1985, Kay Campbell, actress (All My Children), dies at 80
    In 1986, Gaston Duribreux, Flemish writer (Sour Dove), dies at 82
    In 1988, Florida Friebus, actress (Bob Newhart Show), dies of a stroke at 79
    In 1988, Melvin J "Cy" Oliver, US jazz composer/orchestra leader, dies at 77
    In 1988, Renato Salvatori, actor (Burn, Luna, 2 Women), dies
    In 1989, Jack Starrett, director/actor (Chase, Nightwish, 1st Blood), dies
    In 1991, Ed Dodd, cartoonist (Mark Trail), dies at 88
    In 1992, Dani‰l Robberechts, Belgian writer (Aankomen in Avignon), dies at 55
    In 1992, Glen White, dancer/actor (Graft, Camille), dies of AIDS at 42
    In 1992, John Myhers, director/actor (Billion Dollar Hobo), dies at 70
    In 1992, Tony "Big Tuna" Accardo, mobster (St Valentines Day), dies at 86
    In 1993, Jan Wiley, actress (Underdog, Brute Man, She Wolf of London), dies
    In 1993, Willem P G Assmann, Dutch MP, dies at 85
    In 1994, Norman Cook, British museum curator, dies at 87
    In 1994, Red Rodney, [Albino Red/The Red Arrow], bebop-trumpeter, dies at 66
    In 1994, Theo Swagemakers, portrait painter, dies at 95
    In 1995, C W Stubblefield, music Promoter, dies at 64
    In 1995, Ulyses Simpson Kay, composer, dies at 78
    In 1996, Albert "Pud" Brown, clarinetist/saxophonist, dies at 79
    In 1996, Ivan Sutton, concert Promotoer, dies at 82
    In 1996, Jack Massey, groundsman, dies at 85
    In 1996, Pud Brown, jazz musician, dies at 79

    Events
    In 1281, Flemish Earl Gwijde Dampierre takes financial responsibility of Brugge
    In 1328, French king Philip VI Valois crowned
    In 1529, 30 Jews of Posing Hungary, charged with blood ritual, burned at stake
    In 1660, Denmark & Sweden sign ceasefire
    In 1679, Habeaus Corpus Act (no false arrest & imprisonment) passes in UK
    In 1689, Anthonie Heinsius succeeds G Fagel as pension advisor of Holland
    In 1703, St Petersburg (Leningrad) founded by Peter the Great
    In 1738, Turkish troops occupy Orsova & Ochakov
    In 1796, James S McLean patents his piano
    In 1813, Americans capture Ft George, Canada
    In 1844, Samuel F.B. Morse completes 1st telegraph line
    In 1850, Mormon Temple in Nauvoo Illinois destroyed by tornado
    In 1854, Marine Telegraph from Ft Point to SF completed
    In 1856, Doctor William Palmer found guilty of poisoning
    In 1857, H Goldschmidt discovers asteroid #44 Nysa
    In 1862, Battle of Hanover Court House, VA (Slash Church, Peake's Station)
    In 1863, CSS Chattahoochie explodes on Chattahoochie River GA, 18 die
    In 1863, Siege of Port Hudson LA
    In 1864, Skirmish at Salem Church (Haw's Shop), Virginia
    In 1878, 6th Preakness: C Holloway aboard Duke of Magenta wins in 2:41.75
    In 1878, Australians Cricket 41 & 12-1 defeat MCC 33 & 19
    In 1881, 9th Preakness: T Costello aboard Saunterer wins in 2:40«
    In 1882, 10th Preakness: T Costello aboard Vanguard wins in 2:44«
    In 1883, Czar Alexander III crowned in Moscow
    In 1887, A Charlois discovers asteroid #267 Tirza
    In 1893, Audath Yisroel forms at Kattowitz (Katowice) Poland
    In 1895, British inventor Birt Acres patents film camera/projector
    In 1896, Bay District Race Track closes
    In 1896, Tornado hit St Louis, killing 255 & leaving thousands homeless
    In 1898, Arthur Pinero's "Trelawney of the 'Wells'," premieres in London
    In 1900, Lord Roberts' army fights the Vaal in S Africa
    In 1902, 27th Preakness: L Jackson aboard Old England wins in 1:45.8
    In 1903, 37th Belmont: John Bullman aboard Africander wins in 2:21.75
    In 1903, Queen Wilhelmina opens Berlages Merchants bureau in Amsterdam
    In 1904, NL record of 5 stolen bases in a game (Dennis McGann, NY Giants)
    In 1905, 30th Preakness: W Davis aboard Cairngore wins in 1:45.8
    In 1905, Japanese fleet destroys Russian East Sea fleet in Straits of Tushima
    In 1906, 1st outlining of Gustav Mahler's 6th symphony, in Essen
    In 1907, Bubonic Plague breaks out in SF
    In 1916, Groundbreaking begins on Hugh Grant Circle in Bronx
    In 1917, Race riot in East St Louis Illinois, 1 black killed
    In 1918, Battle of Aisne
    In 1919, 1st transatlantic flight ends; US Navy flying boat takes 11 days
    In 1919, Charles Strite patents pop-up toaster
    In 1920, Tatar ASSR forms in Russian SFSR
    In 1921, Afghanistan gains sovereignty
    In 1921, After 84 years of British control, Afgh nist n achieves sovereignty
    In 1927, Japanese military intervention in Chinese civil war
    In 1927, Thomas Masaryk elected Czechoslovakia president
    In 1929, 2nd Ryder Cup: Britain-Ireland, 7-5 at Moortown, England
    In 1930, Richard Drew invents masking tape
    In 1931, 1st full scale wind tunnel for testing airplanes, Langley Field Va
    In 1931, Piccard & Knipfer make 1st flight into stratosphere, by balloon
    In 1933, Austrian communist party banned
    In 1933, Century of Progress Exposition opens in Chicago
    In 1933, Federal Securities Act signed
    In 1933, Trailing 11-3, Yanks score 12 runs in 8th & beat White Sox 15-11
    In 1933, Walt Disney's "3 Little Pigs" released
    In 1935, Supreme Court declares FDR's Natl Recovery Act unconstitutional
    In 1936, RMS Queen Mary leaves Southampton for NY on maiden voyage
    In 1937, Carl Hubbell wins his 24th consecutive game (since July 17, 1936)
    In 1937, Golden Gate Bridge, SF, dedicated
    In 1938, Bradman scores his 1000th cricket run of Eng season, earliest to do so
    In 1940, British & French begin evacuation of Dunkirk (Operation Dynamo)
    In 1941, Allied troops begin evacuating Kreta
    In 1941, FDR declares state of emergency due to Germany's sinking of Robin Moor
    In 1941, German battleship Bismarck sunk by British naval force
    In 1942, Dorie Miller, awarded navy cross for deeds at Pearl Harbor
    In 1942, Hitler orders 10,000 Czechs murdered
    In 1942, Italian army begin siege of French western Fort Bir Hachim
    In 1942, Top German Nazi Reinhard Heydrich is shot & mortally wounded in Prague
    In 1943, French defiance under Jean Moulin meets secretly in Paris
    In 1943, US forbid racial discrimination in war industry
    In 1944, Allies land on Biak, Indonesia (operation Horlicks)
    In 1944, Japanese advance in Hangkhou China
    In 1944, Jean-Paul Sartres "Huis Clos," premieres in Paris
    In 1948, Arabs blow up Jewish synagogue Hurvat Rabbi Yehudah he-Hasid
    In 1948, Hank Greenberg buys an interest in the Cleveland Indians
    In 1949, Indians start 12-17, owner Bill Veeck arranges a "Second Opening Day"
    In 1949, Martin Canine, cartoon character, spoofs Martin Kane
    In 1949, Russian stop train traffic West-Berlin
    In 1950, "Arms & the Girl" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 134 performances
    In 1950, Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Wallace Stevens
    In 1951, Chinese Communists force Dalai Lama to surrender his army to Beijing
    In 1951, Maritime Museum at Aquatic Park, SF opens
    In 1952, European Defense Community forms
    In 1953, Dutch social democratic/Dutch Liberal Party win municipal elections
    In 1955, Boston Red Sox Norm Zauchin gets 10 RBIs, beating Senators 16-0
    In 1955, Red Buttons Show, last airs on NBC-TV
    In 1956, French raid in Algiers
    In 1956, US performs nuclear test at Enwetak (atmospheric tests)
    In 1958, Ernest Green & 600 whites graduate from Little Rock's Central HS
    In 1958, Vanguard SLV-1 launched for Earth orbit (failed)
    In 1960, 1st use of oversized catching mitt (Balt Oriole Clint Courtney)
    In 1960, Balt manager Paul Richards devises oversized catcher's mitt
    In 1960, Military coup overthrows democratic government of Turkey
    In 1961, 1st black light is sold
    In 1961, Fiorentina wins 1st Europe Cup II in Florence
    In 1961, Pres Kennedy announces US goal to reach Moon
    In 1961, Ralph Boston of US, sets then long jump record at 27' «"
    In 1962, Ruth Jessen wins LPGA Dallas Civitan Golf Open
    In 1963, 3 NJ businessman purchase NHL Colorado Rockies, & get approval
    In 1963, Jomo Kenyatta elected 1st prime minister of Kenya
    In 1963, to move them to NJ Meadowlands (Devils)
    In 1964, "From Russia With Love" premieres in US
    In 1964, Inter Milan wins 9th Europe Cup 1 in Vienna
    In 1965, Inter Milan wins 10th Europe Cup 1 in Milan
    In 1966, 55th German F-16 Starfighter crashes
    In 1966, 6 French fighters crash above Spain
    In 1967, "Sherry!" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 65 performances
    In 1968, 6th Mayor's Trophy Game, Mets beat Yanks 4-3
    In 1968, NL awards Montreal & SD major league franchises
    In 1968, Nuclear submarine Scorpion is lost
    In 1969, Jerry Lewis Show second run, last airs on NBC-TV
    In 1969, Walt Disney World construction begins
    In 1970, British expedition climbs south face of Annapurna I
    In 1970, USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
    In 1971, 23rd Walker Cup: Britain-Ireland, 13-11
    In 1971, UCLA wins NCAA basketball championship
    In 1972, "Applause" closes at Palace Theater NYC after 900 performances
    In 1972, "Jimmy Castor Bunch's Troglodyte" (Cave Man) hits #6
    In 1973, Rick Wohlhuter runs record 880 yards in 1:44.6
    In 1974, Pirates Ken Brett no-hits Padres until 9th inning
    In 1975, Dibble's Bridge Yorkshire, killing 38
    In 1975, Paul McCartney releases "Venus & Mars"
    In 1975, Stanley Cup: Phila Flyers beat Buffalo Sabres, 4 games to 2
    In 1975, Worst motor vehicle disaster in UK; bus full of elderly women plunges
    In 1976, "Something's Afoot" opens at Lyceum Theater NYC for 61 performances
    In 1977, 2 Boeing 747s by Pan Am & KLM collide in Canary Islands, killing 582
    In 1977, NYC fines George Willig 1› for each of 110 stories he climbed
    In 1979, Penny Pulz wins LPGA Corning Golf Classic
    In 1979, Pope John Paul ordains John J O'Conner as a bishop
    In 1980, South Korean police ends people's uprising; 2,000 killed
    In 1981, A Gilmore & P Kilmartin discover asteroid #2434 Bateson
    In 1981, John Hinckley attempts suicide by overdosing on Tylenol
    In 1981, Lenny Randle tries to blow a slow roller foul but ump says no
    In 1981, Liverpool wins 26th Europe Cup 1 at Paris
    In 1981, USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
    In 1982, "Do Black Patent Leather Shoes..." opens at Alvin NYC for 5 perfs
    In 1982, C S & E Shoemaker discover asteroid #3194 Dorsey
    In 1982, C S Shoemaker discovers asteroid #4173 Thicksten
    In 1982, John McMullen buys NHL Colorodo Rockies & gets approval to move to NJ
    In 1983, Former EPA official Rita Lavelle indicted for contempt of Congress
    In 1984, Beth Henley's "Miss Firecracker contest," premieres in NYC
    In 1984, C & E Shoemaker discover asteroid #3671 Dionysius
    In 1984, C S Shoemaker & E M Shoemaker discover asteroid #6063 Jason
    In 1984, Joanne Carner wins LPGA Corning Golf Classic
    In 1984, Manuela Manleeva wins 3 singles tennis matches in one day
    In 1985, Britain agrees to return Hong Kong to China in 1997
    In 1985, Inaugural bands parade for Pres Reagan
    In 1986, France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
    In 1986, Norway Showcase groundbreaking
    In 1986, Prest Reagan orderes 2 Poseidon-class submarines be dismantled
    In 1987, Jim & Tammy Bakker appear on "Nightline" after PTL scandal
    In 1987, Postage wins 32nd Europe Cup 1 in Vienna
    In 1987, Yank Phil Niekro is 3rd pitcher to make 700th start (Young & Sutton)
    In 1988, Senate ratified a treaty eliminating medium-range nuclear missiles
    In 1990, 74th Indianapolis 500 runs
    In 1990, C‚sar Gaviria Trujillo chosen pres of Colombia
    In 1990, Jan Stephenson wins J C Penney LPGA Golf Skins Game
    In 1990, Pat Bradley wins LPGA Corning Golf Classic
    In 1990, Radical Democratic Party holds 1st political meetings in Moscow
    In 1991, Austrian Boeing 767-300 explodes at Bangkok, 223 die
    In 1993, Dale Murphy ends carreer at 398 HRs
    In 1993, Mafia bombs Uffizi-museum in Florence, kills 6
    In 1993, S Otomo discovers asteroid #6922
    In 1994, Alexander Solzhenitsyn returned to Russia after 20 years in exile
    In 1994, Final broadcast of Arsenio Hall talk show
    In 1994, Flintstones live action movie opens in theaters
    In 1994, Larry King ended his radio show
    In 1994, Radio conservative Rush Limbaugh (43) weds Marta Fitzgerald (35)
    In 1995, C W Hergenrother discovers asteroid #7488
    In 1997, 1st all female (20 British women) team reaches North Pole
    In 1997, Arie Luyendyk wins his 2nd Indianapolis 500
    In 1997, Judge finds Pamela Lee not guilty of breaking a contract
    In 1997, Major league revenue sharing begins, NY Yanks pay out most $28M
    In 1997, Marv Albert pleads innocent to charges of sexually assault
    In 1997, Russian Pres Boris Yeltsin signs a historic treaty with NATO

    Holidays
    [Afgh nist n] Independence Day (1921)
    [Nicaragua] Army Day
    [Nigeria] Children's Day
    [Turkey] Freedom & Constitution Day (1960, 1961)
    [US] Memorial Day/Decoration Day, a legal holiday (1868)
    [Virginia] Confederate Memorial Day (1868)

    Observances
    In 1564, [Luth] Commemoration of John Calvin, renewer of church
    In 2005, [Jewish] Lag B'Omer-Love for Holy Land Day (Iyyar 18, 5765)
    In 2012, [Jewish] Shavuot-Celebration of 10 Commandments (Siv 6, 5772)
    In 2035, [Jewish] Lag B'Omer-Love for Holy Land Day (Iyyar 18, 5795)
    In 2050, [Jewish] Shavuot-Celebration of 10 Commandments (Siv 6, 5810)
    [Christian] Feast of St Augustine of Canterbury
    [Christian] Feast of St Eutropius of Orange
    [Christian] Feast of St Julius of Durostorum
    [Christian] Feast of St Melangel of Montacella
    [Christian] Feast of St Restituta of Sora
    [RC] Theodora, martyr in Alexandria
    [old RC] Commemoration of St John I, pope/martyr
    [old RC] Feast of St Bede the Venerable, doctor/writer



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